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DNA repair plays a critical role in protecting the genome of the cell from insults of cancer-causing agents, such as those found in tobacco smoke. Reduced DNA repair capacity, therefore, can increase the susceptibility to smoking-related cancers. Recently, three coding polymorphisms in X-ray cross-complementing group 1 (XRCC1) DNA repair gene have been(More)
Caspase-9 (CASP-9) is an initiator CASP in the apoptosome-driven apoptosis pathway and plays an important role in the development and progression of cancer. Polymorphisms in the promoter region of the CASP-9 gene may influence the promoter activity of this gene, thereby modulating susceptibility to lung cancer. To test this hypothesis, we examined the(More)
Although heparin can regulate angiogenesis, tumor growth and metastasis, its clinical application, as well as that of low-molecular heparin (LMWH), for treating cancer are limited because of heparin's anticoagulant activity and risk of hemorrhages. LMWH-taurocholate conjugates (LHT7), which have low anticoagulant activity, were synthesized. The structural(More)
Heparin, a potent inhibitor of blood coagulation, exhibits antitumoral action in tumor progression such as in angiogenesis and metastasis but is not orally absorbed in the body, making it an attractive candidate as an oral drug for antiangiogenic cancer therapy. We generated LHD or orally active heparin using low molecular weight heparin (LMWH) and(More)
OBJECTIVE To study the expression of LIGHT (tumor necrosis factor superfamily 14) and herpesvirus entry mediator (HVEM; tumor necrosis factor receptor superfamily 14) in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and to determine the regulatory role of LIGHT on the effector functions of fibroblast-like synoviocytes (FLS). METHODS The expression of LIGHT and HVEM was(More)
Anitangiogenic and apoptotic properties of a novel chemically modified heparin derivative with low anticoagulant activity were evaluated on the experimental in vitro and in vivo model. Heparin-lithocholate conjugate (HL) was initially synthesized by covalently bonding lithocholate to heparin. Folate-HL conjugate (FHL) was further synthesized by conjugating(More)
OBJECTIVE To delineate the expression of transforming growth factor beta-inducible gene h3 (betaIG-H3) in rheumatoid synovitis and to determine the regulatory role of betaIG-H3 in the adhesion and migration of fibroblast-like synoviocytes (FLS). METHODS Synovial tissue was obtained from patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) during joint replacement(More)
BACKGROUND We recently demonstrated that upregulation of the transforming growth factor (TGF)-beta1 inducible gene-h3 (betaig-h3) is associated with tubulointerstitial fibrosis (TIF) in a rat model of chronic cyclosporine A (CsA) nephrotoxicity. This study investigated the association between betaig-h3 expression and TIF during losartan treatment in this(More)
We demonstrated that arthritis could be visualized noninvasively using hydrophobically modified glycol chitosan nanoparticles labeled with Cy5.5 (HGC-Cy5.5) and an optical imaging system. Activated macrophages expressing Mac-1 molecules effectively phagocytosed HGC-Cy5.5, which formed spherical nanoparticles under physiologic conditions. We estimated the(More)
Adhesion and migration of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) play an important role in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis. These processes involve the interaction of VSMCs with extracellular matrix proteins. Here, we investigated integrin isoforms and signaling pathways mediating the adhesion and migration of VSMCs on betaig-h3, a transforming growth(More)