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Platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) is a potent mitogenic and migratory factor that regulates the tyrosine phosphorylation of a variety of signalling proteins via intracellular production of H2O2 (refs 1, 2-3). Mammalian 2-Cys peroxiredoxin type II (Prx II; gene symbol Prdx2) is a cellular peroxidase that eliminates endogenous H2O2 produced in response to(More)
Silver nanoparticles (AgNPs), which have well-known antimicrobial properties, are extensively used in various medical and general applications. Despite the widespread use of AgNPs, relatively few studies have been undertaken to determine the cytotoxic effects of AgNPs exposure. This study investigates possible molecular mechanisms underlying the cytotoxic(More)
The objective of this study was to elucidate the cytotoxic mechanism of Compound K, with respect to the involvement of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and the mitochondrial involved apoptosis, in HT-29 human colon cancer cells. Compound K exhibited a concentration of 50% growth inhibition (IC(50)) at 20 μg/mL and cytotoxicity in a time dependent manner.(More)
The radioprotective effect of geraniin, a tannin compound isolated from Nymphaea tetragona Georgi var. (Nymphaeaceae), against γ-radiation-induced damage was investigated in Chinese hamster lung fibroblast (V79-4) cells. Geraniin recovered cell viability detected by MTT test and colony formation assay, which was compromised by γ-radiation, and reduced the(More)
We elucidated the protective effect of 7,8-dihydroxyflavone against hydrogen peroxide (H(2)O(2))-induced DNA damage. We found that 7,8-dihydroxyflavone scavenges 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radical and intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS). 7,8-Dihydroxyflavone with antioxidant effect prevented the H(2)O(2)-induced cellular DNA damage, as(More)
This study investigated the cytoprotective effect of baicalein (5,6,7-trihydroxyflavone) against oxidative stress-induced mitochondrial dysfunction. Electron spin resonance (ESR) spectrometry revealed that baicalein showed significant scavenging effects on superoxide radicals and hydroxyl radicals. When H(2)O(2) treatment induces an increase in(More)
Oxidative stress caused by reactive oxygen species (ROS) induces DNA base modifications and DNA strand breaks. In this study, the protective effect of baicalein against H2O2-induced DNA damage was investigated in V79-4 Chinese hamster fibroblast cells. H2O2 treatment increased the levels of intracellular ROS and DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs) and decreased(More)
The radioprotective effect of eckol against gamma-ray radiation-induced oxidative stress and its possible protective mechanisms were investigated. Eckol was found to reduce the intracellular reactive oxygen species generated by gamma-ray radiation. Moreover, eckol also protected against radiation-induced cellular DNA damage and membrane lipid peroxidation,(More)
BACKGROUND Transforming growth factor beta (TGF-beta) plays an important role in diabetic retinopathy. betaIG-H3 is a downstream target molecule of TGF-beta that may participate in the pathogenesis of diabetic retinopathy and in particular in the loss of pericytes during early pathological changes. METHODS We observed bovine retinal pericytes apoptosis(More)
The protective effect of KIOM-4, a mixture of plant extracts, was examined against streptozotocin (STZ)-induced mitochondrial oxidative stress in rat pancreatic β-cells (RINm5F). KIOM-4 scavenged superoxide and hydroxyl radicals generated by xanthine/xanthine oxidase and Fenton reaction (FeSO(4)/H(2)O(2)), respectively, in a cell-free chemical system. In(More)