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BACKGROUND DNA methylation in the promoter region of the glucocorticoid receptor gene (NR3C1) is closely associated with childhood adversity and suicide. However, few studies have examined NR3C1 methylation in relation to major depressive disorder (MDD) and hippocampal subfield volumes. We investigated the possible association between NR3C1 methylation and(More)
The correlation between the D4 dopamine receptor gene (DRD4) and the D2 dopamine receptor gene (DRD2) polymorphisms was investigated with personality traits. For this study, homogeneous population consisting of 243 young alcohol- and drug-naive Koreans who were blood-unrelated with a mean age (+/-SD) of 13.87 (+/-0.30) years old was analyzed for the DRD4(More)
Schizophrenic patients commonly suffer weight gain, which is often associated with widely prescribed antipsychotic medicines. It is distressing to most patients who experience it and may affect their response to treatment of schizophrenia. Weight gain is also associated with treatment noncompliance and several medical conditions. This study explored the(More)
Polymorphism in exon III of the dopamine D4 receptor (DRD4) gene has been implicated to be associated with the human personality trait of novelty seeking (NS). For this study, we have investigated the possible association between 48-bp VNTR in exon III and -521 C/T SNP of the DRD4 and personality traits among young ( approximately 14 years of age) Korean(More)
We have previously reported decreased heart rate variability upon standing in panic disorder patients compared with controls. In this study, we extend our report to include patients with major depression (n = 19). Compared to normal controls (n = 20) and panic disorder patients (n = 30), there was no significant difference in the immediate changes in heart(More)
OBJECTIVE The cause of restless legs syndrome (RLS) has not yet been ascertained, but one of the most promising theories involves dopaminergic deficiency. In accordance with this theory, we assumed that the prevalence of RLS would be higher among schizophrenics treated with antipsychotics than in the normal population. The purpose of this study was to(More)
As the number of internet users increases, a new game genre using the internet as a networking tool is emerging. Some game genres are regarded as having greater addiction potentials than others. Games and the internet are closely related. We investigated games frequently used by adolescents and classified each of them with the help of game professionals. We(More)
AIM The objective of the present study was to assess the efficacy and safety of bromocriptine treatment for patients with antipsychotic-drug-induced hyperprolactinemia in clinical practice. METHODS This was an 8-week randomized, single-blind, placebo-controlled, multicenter study. Sixty female schizophrenia patients were enrolled and were randomly(More)
BACKGROUND About 2% to 5% of all primary-care patients have a somatization disorder, and somatic symptoms are strongly associated with comorbid depression and anxiety disorders. OBJECTIVE The authors evaluated the validity of the 15-item Somatization module of the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-15) among psychiatric outpatients. METHOD The PHQ-15 was(More)
We evaluated plasma levels of DHEA-S and cortisol before and after treating ADHD patients with one of two medications: methylphenidate (n = 12) or bupropion (n = 10). Boys with ADHD (combined type) were evaluated with the Korean ADHD rating scale (K-ARS) and the computerized ADHD diagnostic system (ADS). All assessments were measured at baseline and(More)