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CG-rich duplex containing prostate-specific membrane antigen (PSMA) aptamer-conjugated thermally cross-linked superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (TCL-SPIONs) is reported as prostate cancer-specific nanotheranostic agents. These agents are capable of prostate tumor detection in vivo by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and selective delivery of drugs(More)
We reported an innovative, targeted chemoimmuno drug-delivery system. Although chemoimmunotherapy, as an alternative to or in combination with conventional therapeutic systems, has been in the forefront of recent oncological research, as presently configured, such systems face several major obstacles for efficient clinical application. Here, we establish a(More)
A new platform for oral delivery of paclitaxel (PTX) was developed through chemical conjugation of PTX to a low molecular weight chitosan (LMWC). The LMWC-PTX conjugate contained approximately 12 wt % PTX and showed greatly enhanced water solubility (>1 mg/mL) as compared to native PTX. The conjugate showed comparable IC 50 values to that of the parent PTX(More)
Stable paclitaxel/Lipiodol solutions as well as emulsions were developed for the treatment of solid tumors including hepatocellular carcinoma. Paclitaxel could be dissolved in Lipiodol, an oily contrast medium, but precipitated out and formed aggregates with time. Paclitaxel precipitation was due to the inter- and intra-molecular hydrogen bonding of(More)
We report a combined chemoimmunotherapy vehicle consisting of plasmid loaded with doxorubicin and evaluate its efficacy in two different tumor models. A stable complex was formed with a 1300:1 ratio of doxorubicin bound to native plasmid via intercalation. Pharmacokinetics of the complex showed much slower clearance from plasma up to 3 h compared to 10 min(More)
The purpose of this study is to evaluate in vivo antitumor efficacy and subacute toxicity of docetaxel (DTX) prodrug comprising a conjugate between DTX and low molecular weight chitosan (LMWC) after oral administration. DTX was covalently attached to LMWC via a cleavable linker so as to be released from LMWC-DTX conjugate in body. In vitro cytotoxicity of(More)
Despite the therapeutic potential of exendin-4 as a glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) mimetic for the treatment of type 2 diabetes, its utility has so far been limited because of the low level of patient compliance due to the requirement for frequent injections. In this study, an orally available exendin-4 was produced by conjugating it to low molecular(More)
Fibronectin extra domain B (EDB) is specifically expressed in cancer-associated blood vessels and extracellular matrix, and thus is a promising cancer biomarker. Very recently, we developed a novel class of high-affinity (<100nM) peptides, termed 'aptides', that specifically bind a variety of protein targets. Here, we describe superparamagnetic iron oxide(More)