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Mature rat testes and liver were fixed with Bouin's fluid (BF) or modified Davidson's fixative (mDF) at room temperature (23 °C) or 4 °C, and DNA integrity was examined by the TUNEL assay. When testes were fixed in BF, TUNEL-stained cells were more prevalent than when fixation occurred in mDF. Independent of fixative, TUNEL-staining was higher when testes(More)
The OPERA neutrino experiment at the underground Gran Sasso Laboratory has measured the velocity of neutrinos from the CERN CNGS beam over a baseline of about 730 km with much higher accuracy than previous studies conducted with accelerator neutrinos. The measurement is based on high-statistics data taken by OPERA in the years 2009, 2010 and 2011. Dedicated(More)
Efficient and rapid production of value-added chemicals from lignocellulosic biomass is an important step toward a sustainable society. Lactic acid, used for synthesizing the bioplastic polylactide, has been produced by microbial fermentation using primarily glucose. Lignocellulosic hydrolysates contain high concentrations of cellobiose and xylose. Here, we(More)
Nanocrystalline surface layer up to 84 microm in thick is produced on a specimen made of Al6061-T6 alloy by means of surface treatment called ultrasonic nanocrystalline surface modification (UNSM) technique. The refined grain size is produced in the top-layer and it is increased with increasing depth from the top surface. Vickers microhardness measurement(More)
We herein describe a soft-chemical route to exfoliation of layered semiconductive titanoniobate (KTiNbO5) into individual oxide nanosheets. The protonic layered titanoniobate (HTiNbO5), derived from KTiNbO5, is reacted with zwitterionic aminoundecanoic acid (H2N(CH2)10COOH; AUA) to replace the interlayer H+ ions with AUA molecules in an acidic aqueous(More)
In this paper, the SAE52100 bearing steel contained large quantities of cementite dispersed in ferrite matrix was subjected to the ultrasonic nanocrystalline surface modification (UNSM) treatment that aims for the extension of fatigue life. The microstructure and fatigue life of the untreated and treated specimens were studied by using electron(More)
In this work, an Al-7 wt.% Si alloy, which is widely used as the structural materials in the automotive and aerospace industries for their high specific strength, was subjected to ultrasonic nanocrystalline surface modification (UNSM) treatment. After UNSM treatment, the effect of UNSM on the microstructural evolution of both Al grain and the dispersed Si(More)
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