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Gastric cancer (GC) is the second most common cause of cancer-related deaths. It is known to be a heterogeneous disease with several molecular and histological subtypes. Here we perform whole-genome sequencing of 49 GCs with diffuse (N=31) and intestinal (N=18) histological subtypes and identify three mutational signatures, impacting TpT, CpG and TpCp[A/T](More)
PURPOSE Cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) is believed to be involved in carcinogenesis in patients with chronic gastritis with Helicobacter pylori infection. EBV is detected in approximately 10% of gastric carcinomas and H. pylori induces EBV reactivation in the gastric epithelium. We aimed to evaluate significance of COX-2 in gastric carcinoma occurred in EBV and(More)
The prevalence of gastric cancer associated with Lynch syndrome (LS) is highly variable, and the underlying histologic pathway or molecular mechanisms remain unclear. From 1995 to 2012, 15 patients had been treated for both gastric and colonic adenocarcinomas and diagnosed as LS. In all cases, pathologic review, immunohistochemical analysis for(More)
BACKGROUND Counting mitoses is subjective and time-consuming. The adjunctive diagnostic utility of a recently reported mitotic marker, phosphohistone H3 (PHH3), was investigated in gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs). METHODS We reviewed 77 GISTs for several proliferative indices. These included the mitotic count per 50 high power fields (HPFs), the(More)
Only few studies have evaluated the usefulness of the GLUT1 and p63 status of thyroid carcinomas in revealing tumorigenesis. We studied GLUT1, p53, and p63 immunoexpression in a total of 86 cases of various thyroid carcinoma types to determine the biological significance of GLUT1 and p63 expression in thyroid carcinomas. GLUT1 was detected in six cases of(More)
A 46-year-old woman was found to have a huge liver mass that was detected by abdominal ultrasonography. Abdominal CT and MRI showed a 10 cm-sized, encapsulated mass occupying the anterior segment of the right hepatic lobe. Extended right hemihepatectomy was performed and pathological examination revealed fibroblast-like spindle cells within dense deposits(More)
Cytokeratin 17 (CK17), a basal/myoepithelial cell keratin, is a poor prognostic marker for cancers of organs such as the stomach, ovary, and breast as well as a useful diagnostic marker for pancreatobiliary adenocarcinoma. However, its expression pattern and prognostic significance have not been studied in gallbladder adenocarcinoma. We constructed a tissue(More)
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