In Chul Shin

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A non-invasive urine analysis method to determine the in-vivo flavin-containing mono-oxygenase (FMO) activity catalysing N-oxidation of ranitidine (RA) was developed and used to phenotype a Korean population. FMO activity was assessed by the molar concentration ratio of RA and RANO in the bulked 8 h urine. This method was used to determine the FMO(More)
To investigate mechanisms of neuronal cell death in response to chlorpyrifos (CPF), a pesticide, we evaluated the regulation of ROS and COX-2 in human neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y cells treated with CPF. CPF treatment produced cytotoxic effects that appeared to involve an increase in ROS. In addition, CPF treatment activated MAPK pathways including JNK, ERK1/2,(More)
There are multiple lines of evidence showing that environmental toxicants including pesticides may contribute to neuronal cell death. Fipronil (FPN) is a phenylpyrazole insecticide that acts on insect GABA receptors. Although the action of FPN is restricted to insect neuronal or muscular transmitter systems, a few studies have assessed the effects of this(More)
Reactive oxidative species (ROS) generated by environmental toxicants including pesticides could be one of the factors underlying the neuronal cell damage in neurodegenerative diseases. In this study we found that chlorpyrifos (CPF) induced apoptosis in dopaminergic neuronal components of PC12 cells as demonstrated by the activation of caspases and nuclear(More)
Rosiglitazone is a commonly prescribed insulin-sensitizing drug with selective agonistic activity at the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-γ (PPARγ). Previously, rosiglitazone was shown to attenuate dopaminergic cell loss in the 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP) mouse model of Parkinson's disease (PD), an effect attributed to its(More)
This study was performed to investigate the influence of the spinal adenosine A1 receptors on the central regulation of blood pressure (BP) and heart rate (HR), and to define whether its mechanism is mediated by cyclic AMP (cAMP) or cyclic GMP (cGMP). Intrathecal (i.t.) administration of drugs at the thoracic level were performed in anesthetized,(More)
Rac, a member of the Rho family GTPases, has been implicated in the regulation of a wide range of biological processes including actin remodeling, cell transformation, G1 cell cycle progression, and gene expression. To determine whether Rac GTPase activity is required for epidermal growth factor-induced mitogenesis, Rat-2 stable cells expressing a(More)
Recent studies have shown that up-regulation of autophagy may be a tractable therapeutic intervention for clearing disease-causing proteins, including α-synuclein, ubiquitin, and other misfolded or aggregated proteins in pesticide-induced neurodegeneration. In a previous study, we reported that chlorpyrifos (CPF)-induced mitochondria-dependent apoptosis is(More)
Russell-Silver syndrome (RSS) primarily includes intrauterine growth retardation, postnatal growth failure, body asymmetry, and craniofacial disproportion. Four types of malignancies have been reported in patients with RSS: craniopharyngioma, testicular seminoma, hepatocellular carcinoma, and Wilms tumor.
Cardiovascular inhibitory effects induced by posterior hypothalamic adenosine A(2) receptors and their modulation by nitric oxide were suggested by our previous report. In this experiment, we examined the modulation of cardiovascular effects of adenosine A(2) receptor stimulation by adenylate cyclase, guanylate cyclase and ATP-sensitive K(+) channel in the(More)