In-Chul Park

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Glioblastoma is a severe type of primary brain tumor, and its highly invasive character is considered to be a major therapeutic obstacle. Several recent studies have reported that ionizing radiation (IR) enhances the invasion of tumor cells, but the mechanisms for this effect are not well understood. In this study, we investigated the possible signaling(More)
Although mechanisms of arsenic trioxide (As(2)O(3))-induced cell death have been studied extensively in hematologic cancers, those in solid cancers have yet to be clearly defined. In this study, we showed that the translocation of apoptosis-inducing factor (AIF) from mitochondria to the nucleus is required for As(2)O(3)-induced cell death in human cervical(More)
Claudins are identified as members of the tetraspanin family of proteins, which are integral to the structure and function of tight junction. Recent studies showed an increase in expression of claudins during tumorigenesis, which is associated with loss of cell-cell contact, dedifferentiation, and invasiveness. However , the molecular basis for the causal(More)
Abnormal cell-cycle control can lead to aberrant cell proliferation and cancer. The oncoprotein cancerous inhibitor of protein phosphatase 2A (CIP2A) is an inhibitor of protein phosphatase 2A (PP2A) that stabilizes c-Myc. However, the precise role of CIP2A in cell division is not understood. Herein, we show that CIP2A is required for mitotic progression by(More)
BACKGROUND Apoptosis is thought to be a critical component of disc degeneration. Two main pathways of Fas-mediated apoptosis have been identified: Type I, which is the death-inducing signaling complex pathway, and Type II, which is the mitochondrial pathway. The apoptotic pathway for anulus fibrosus cells, which is phenotypically different from that of(More)
S6 kinase 1 (S6K1) was suggested to be a marker for endocrine therapy resistance in breast cancer. We examined whether tamoxifen’s effect can be modulated by S6K1 inhibition. S6K1 inhibition by PF4708671, a selective inhibitor of S6K1, acts synergistically with tamoxifen in S6K1-high MCF-7 cells. Similarly, the knockdown of S6K1 with small interfering RNA(More)
Renal length, height, width, resistive index (RI), size of cortex, and medulla were determined by renal ultrasonography in 50 healthy Korean domestic short-hair cats. In the sagittal plane, the renal length was 3.83 +/- 0.51 cm (mean +/- SD) in the left kidney and 3.96 +/- 0.48 cm in the right kidney, whereas the renal height was 2.42 plusmn; 0.27 cm in the(More)
Piperlongumine, a natural alkaloid isolated from the long pepper, selectively increases reactive oxygen species production and apoptotic cell death in cancer cells but not in normal cells. However, the molecular mechanism underlying piperlongumine-induced selective killing of cancer cells remains unclear. In the present study, we observed that human breast(More)
In the present study, we found that selective inhibition of histone deacetylase 2 (HDAC2) with small inhibitory RNA (siRNA) induced survivin downregulation in a p53-dependent manner. Interestingly, suberoylanilide hydroxamic acid (SAHA) or knockdown of HDAC2 induced downregulation of Mdm2, a negative regulator of p53, at the protein level. SAHA and/or HDAC2(More)
OBJECT Expression of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) has been postulated to play a central role in brain tumor invasion; however, its underlying mechanism is not yet fully understood. In the present study, by assessing the effect of a specific p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) inhibitor, SB203580, on the secretion of MMPs and in vitro invasion of(More)