In-Chul Park

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Ionizing radiation (IR) is widely used in cancer treatment and in biological studies. It disrupts cellular homeostasis through multiple mechanisms including changes of the expression profile of genes. Although microRNAs (miRNAs) have recently been recognized as important post-transcriptional regulators and are involved in various biological processes,(More)
Abnormal cell-cycle control can lead to aberrant cell proliferation and cancer. The oncoprotein cancerous inhibitor of protein phosphatase 2A (CIP2A) is an inhibitor of protein phosphatase 2A (PP2A) that stabilizes c-Myc. However, the precise role of CIP2A in cell division is not understood. Herein, we show that CIP2A is required for mitotic progression by(More)
BACKGROUND Apoptosis is thought to be a critical component of disc degeneration. Two main pathways of Fas-mediated apoptosis have been identified: Type I, which is the death-inducing signaling complex pathway, and Type II, which is the mitochondrial pathway. The apoptotic pathway for anulus fibrosus cells, which is phenotypically different from that of(More)
The net balance of matrix metalloproteinases (MMP) and tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases (TIMP) system has been known to be a key factor in tumor cell invasion. In the present study, we investigated the molecular mechanisms of anti-invasive and antimigrative activity of transforming growth factor (TGF)-beta1 on HT1080 human fibrosarcoma cells. In in(More)
The prognosis of breast cancer patients is related to the degree of metastasis. However, the mechanisms by which epithelial tumor cells escape from the primary tumor and colonize at a distant site are not entirely understood. Here, we analyzed expression levels of pituitary tumor-transforming gene-1 (PTTG1), a relatively uncharacterized oncoprotein, in(More)
Regulation of mRNA translation in mammalian cells involves the coordinated control of mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) signaling. At present, limited information is available on the potential relevance of mTOR regulation, although translation inhibition during oxidative and endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress is clearly important. In this study, we show(More)
Nerve growth factor (NGF) is a well characterized neurotrophic agonist in the nervous system that triggers angiogenesis. In this study, we investigated the signaling mechanisms involved in NGF-induced angiogenesis. NGF stimulated endothelial cell invasion and cord formation on Matrigel in vitro but had marginal effect on proliferation and migration of these(More)
Glioblastoma is a severe type of primary brain tumor, and its highly invasive character is considered to be a major therapeutic obstacle. Several recent studies have reported that ionizing radiation (IR) enhances the invasion of tumor cells, but the mechanisms for this effect are not well understood. In this study, we investigated the possible signaling(More)
Emodin (1,3,8-trihydroxy-6-methylanthraquinone), an active component in the root and rhizome of Rheum palmatum, is a tyrosine kinase inhibitor with a number of biological activities, including antitumor effects. Here, we examine the effects of emodin on vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)-A-induced angiogenesis, both in vitro and in vivo. In vitro,(More)
To elucidate possible mechanisms of anti-angiogenic activity by curcumin, we performed cDNA microarray and found that curcumin modulated cell cycle related gene expression. For further confirmation, DNA contents and expression levels of cyclins, cyclin-dependent kinases (CDKs), and CDK inhibitors (CDKIs) were examined by FACS analysis and Western blotting,(More)