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Suberoylanilide hydroxamic acid (SAHA) is a histone deacetylase inhibitor (HDACI) with antitumor effects that is being explored as a therapeutic drug. However, it has been reported that non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is resistant to HDACIs. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are a key class of small, non-coding RNA molecules that modulate post-transcriptional(More)
Herein, we show that the constitutive overexpression of Redd1, a negative regulator of mTORC1, induces Akt activation in lung cancer cells. Akt phosphorylation was reduced to basal levels by Rictor siRNA, suggesting the involvement of mTORC2 in this process. Perifosine and PP242, selective inhibitors of Akt and mTORC1/2, respectively, efficiently suppressed(More)
CD95/Fas is a cell surface protein that belongs to the tumor necrosis factor receptor family. Signals through CD95/Fas are able to induce apoptosis in sensitive cells. Therefore, modalities to regulate the CD95/Fas expression level in tumor cells are called for. In the present study, we show that sublethal doses of arsenic trioxide (As2O3) sensitized(More)
Although mechanisms of arsenic trioxide (As(2)O(3))-induced cell death have been studied extensively in hematologic cancers, those in solid cancers have yet to be clearly defined. In this study, we showed that the translocation of apoptosis-inducing factor (AIF) from mitochondria to the nucleus is required for As(2)O(3)-induced cell death in human cervical(More)
Arsenic trioxide (As2O3) can induce clinical remission in patients with acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) through induction of apoptosis. To investigate the potential therapeutic usage of As2O3 in cervical cancer and its possible mechanisms, human cervical cancer cell line HeLa was employed. The cells underwent apoptosis in response to As2O3, accompanied(More)
Nerve growth factor (NGF) is a well characterized neurotrophic agonist in the nervous system that triggers angiogenesis. In this study, we investigated the signaling mechanisms involved in NGF-induced angiogenesis. NGF stimulated endothelial cell invasion and cord formation on Matrigel in vitro but had marginal effect on proliferation and migration of these(More)
Glioblastoma is a severe type of primary brain tumor and its invasion is strongly correlated with the secretion of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs). To investigate a role of PTEN, a tumor suppressor gene, in the regulation of hyaluronic acid (HA)-induced invasion of glioma cells, we examined the secretion of MMP-9 in various glioma cells with or without a(More)
Glioblastoma is a severe type of primary brain tumor, and its highly invasive character is considered to be a major therapeutic obstacle. Several recent studies have reported that ionizing radiation (IR) enhances the invasion of tumor cells, but the mechanisms for this effect are not well understood. In this study, we investigated the possible signaling(More)
Nutrient-limiting conditions are frequently encountered by tumor cells in poorly vascularized microenvironments. These stress conditions may facilitate the selection of tumor cells with an inherent ability to decrease apoptotic potential. Therefore, selective targeting of tumor cells under glucose deprivation conditions may provide an effective alternative(More)
SUMMARY In the present study, we show that a combination of sulindac and arsenic trioxide (ATO) induces more extensive apoptosis than either drug alone in H1299 human non-small cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC) cells. Treatment with sulindac/ATO triggered three major apoptotic signaling events, namely, collapse of the mitochondrial membrane potential, release of(More)