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A high prevalence of the BRAFV600E somatic mutation was recently reported in several series of papillary thyroid carcinomas (PTC). This mutation appears to be particularly prevalent in PTC with a predominantly papillary architecture. Another BRAF mutation (K601E) was detected in a follicular adenoma and in some cases of the follicular variant of PTC. The(More)
BACKGROUND Screening for colorectal cancer with sigmoidoscopy benefits from the fact that distal findings predict the risk of advanced proximal neoplasms (APNs). This study was aimed at comparing the existing strategies of postsigmoidoscopy referral to colonoscopy in terms of accuracy and resources needed. METHODS Asymptomatic individuals aged 50-69 years(More)
The etiopathogenesis and the classification of oncocytic (Hürthle cell) tumors of the thyroid is reviewed with an emphasis on the role played by mitochondrial and nuclear genetic abnormalities that interfere with mitochondrial function. Oxyphilia is classified into primary or secondary and the so-called Hürthle cell carcinoma is divided into oncocytic(More)
BACKGROUND Fecal immunochemical test (FIT) diagnostic accuracy for colorectal adenoma detection in colorectal cancer screening is limited. METHODS We analyzed 474 asymptomatic subjects with adenomas detected on colonoscopy in two blinded diagnostic tests studies designed to assess FIT diagnostic accuracy. We determined the characteristics of adenomas(More)
BACKGROUND Parathyroid cryopreservation is essential in some cases of parathyroid surgery. The fate of autografted tissue after long-term cryopreservation is not fully discussed in the literature. METHODS The successful experience with the use of parathyroid tissues preserved for 21 months and 30 months is reported. RESULTS Both patients were women with(More)
Somatic mutations of the BRAF gene (BRAFV599E and BRAFK600E) were found to be closely associated with different histotypes of papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC). The V599E mutation is highly prevalent in PTC with a papillary or mixed papillary follicular growth pattern, and the K600E mutation is apparently restricted to the follicular variant of PTC. It is(More)
AIM To assess the fecal immunochemical test (FIT) accuracy for colorectal cancer (CRC) and advanced neoplasia (AN) detection in CRC screening. METHODS We performed a multicentric, prospective, double blind study of diagnostic tests on asymptomatic average-risk individuals submitted to screening colonoscopy. Two stool samples were collected and the fecal(More)
There is little information on fecal immunochemical test (FIT) in familial risk colorectal cancer (CRC) screening. Our study assesses FIT accuracy, number needed to scope (NNS) and cost to detect a CRC and an advanced neoplasia (AN) in this setting. We performed a multicentric, prospective, double-blind study of diagnostic tests on individuals with(More)
BACKGROUND The site and distribution of inflammation in the airways of asthmatic patients has been largely investigated. Inflammatory cells are distributed in both large and small airways in asthma. It has been demonstrated that distal lung inflammation in asthma may significantly contribute to the pathophysiology of the disease. The upper airways have also(More)
OBJECTIVE Serrated polyposis syndrome (SPS) is associated with an increased colorectal cancer (CRC) risk, although the magnitude of the risk remains uncertain. Whereas intensive endoscopic surveillance for CRC prevention is advised, predictors that identify patients who have high CRC risk remain unknown. We performed a multicentre nationwide study aimed at(More)