Inês M A S C M Tomada

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INTRODUCTION Erectile dysfunction (ED) is a common disease that is mostly vasculogenic in nature. ED correlates with cardiovascular risk factors, with endothelial dysfunction being the common link. Hypertension (HTA) and insulin resistance are the most important determinants of arteriogenic ED, and are also components of the metabolic syndrome (MetS), which(More)
Aging and physiological androgen decay leads to structural changes in corpus cavernosum (CC) that associate with erectile function impairment. There is evidence that such changes relate to nitric oxide (NO) bioavailability, an endothelial compound produced by the action of endothelial NO synthase (eNOS), and is regulated by sirtuin-1 (Sirt1), a(More)
High-fat (HF) diet regular intake along life highly contributes to vascular dysfunction and to an increment in prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MetS) and erectile dysfunction (ED), a surrogate symptom of occult vascular disease, in the elderly. However, little is known about the effects of energy restriction (ER) alone/or after an HF-feeding period. We(More)
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES Erectile dysfunction (ED) is a highly prevalent and age-related disease, caused by endothelial dysfunction and impaired cavernous angiogenesis. However, cellular and molecular changes involved in erectile pathophysiology in aging male remain to be elucidated. AIM To characterize the vascular organization, concomitantly with(More)
Long-term consumption of red wine (RW) apparently confers some protection against cardiovascular diseases due to antiatherosclerotic properties of polyphenols and ethanol (EtOH). There is some evidence indicating that they do so by regulating angiogenesis, but the mechanism and the modulator factors involved are largely unknown. The aim of this study was to(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the expression of the angiogenic factors vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and angiopoietins (Ang) 1 and 2, in normal human penile erectile tissue. MATERIALS AND METHODS Penile fragments were removed from four young healthy organ donors (aged 17-28 years), and processed for immunohistochemical studies for VEGF, Ang1 and Ang2,(More)
The purpose of the current study was to evaluate the effect of a high-fat (HF) diet, energy restriction and exercise on the expression of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), angiopoietin (Ang) 1 and 2, and their receptors in rat corpus cavernosum (CC). Male Wistar rats were fed ad libitum with an HF diet for 8 or 16 weeks. After 8 weeks of the HF(More)
INTRODUCTION Aging is a recognized risk factor for erectile dysfunction (ED), contributing independently to vascular damage of penile tissue. Vascular maintenance depends on angiogenic balance in tissues. Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is a modulator of endothelial cells functions, after engagement to specific receptor kinase domain region (KDR).(More)
Long-term consumption of high-fat diets negatively interferes with metabolic status and promotes endothelial dysfunction and inflammation. In the cavernous tissue, these outcomes become conspicuous in the elderly and strongly affect penile erection, a vascular process highly dependent on local nitric oxide bioavailability. Although epidemiological data(More)
Erectile dysfunction (ED) is a highly prevalent disease whose aetiology is mostly vasculogenic. It is nowadays considered a marker of future cardiovascular events reflecting the underlying endothelial dysfunction, the common link with the metabolic syndrome (MetS). The recent association between MetS, endothelial dysfunction and peripheral artery disease,(More)