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BACKGROUND Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of mortality worldwide. There is evidence demonstrating the association of this disease with cardiovascular risk factors related to lifestyle, incorporated in adolescence. OBJECTIVE To identify, in adolescents, the prevalence of overweight and lifestyle factors associated with risk for developing(More)
BACKGROUND Studies have shown that there is no safe level of secondhand smoke (SHS) exposure and there is a close link between SHS and the risk of coronary heart disease and stroke. Carbon monoxide (CO) is one of the most important components present in SHS. OBJECTIVE To evaluate the impact of the smoking ban law in the city of Sao Paulo, Brazil, on the(More)
Health education practices are central to preventing heart disease. The great challenge remains how to promote the adoption of healthy behaviors that can reduce risk factors for heart disease. In São Paulo, Brazil, the Healthy Lifestyle Multiplier Students program is based on studies that train older students (" multipliers ") as peer educators for younger(More)
OBJECTIVE To verify whether the guidelines for the treatment of heart failure have been adopted at a university hospital. The guidelines recommend the following: use of angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors for all patients with systolic ventricular dysfunction, use of digitalis and diuretics for symptomatic patients, use of beta-blockers for patients in(More)
The aim of this study was to identify and reflect on the methods employed by studies focusing on intervention programs for the primordial and primary prevention of cardiovascular diseases. The PubMed, EMBASE, SciVerse Hub-Scopus, and Cochrane Library electronic databases were searched using the terms 'effectiveness AND primary prevention AND risk factors(More)
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