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Insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF1) and its active peptide (1-3)IGF1 modulate brain growth and plasticity and are candidate molecules for treatment of brain disorders. IGF1 N-terminal portion is naturally cleaved to generate the tri-peptide (1-3)IGF1 (glycine-praline-glutamate). IGF1 and (1-3)IGF have been proposed as treatment for neuropathologies, yet(More)
Rapamycin is a potent immunosuppressant with antitumoral properties widely used in the field of renal transplantation. To test the hypothesis that the antiproliferative and antiangiogenic activity of rapamycin interferes with the normal structure and function of growth plate and impairs longitudinal growth, 4-week-old male rats (n = 10/group) receiving 2(More)
BACKGROUND Growth retardation of chronic renal failure is associated with alterations in the growth plate suggestive of a disturbed chondrocyte maturation process and abnormal vascular invasion at the chondro-osseous interphase. Chondromodulin I (ChM-I) is a potent cartilage-specific angiostatic factor. Its pattern of expression in the uremic rat growth(More)
To understand the changes induced by uremia in the epiphyseal growth plate, two studies were performed in young rats. In study 1, the morphological features of the tibial growth cartilage of stunted rats with different degrees of reduction of renal function were analyzed 2 weeks after nephrectomy and compared with control rats. There was a negative ((More)
Major neuropsychiatric disorders are genetically complex but share overlapping etiology. Mice mutant for rare, highly penetrant risk variants can be useful in dissecting the molecular mechanisms involved. The gene disrupted in schizophrenia 1 (DISC1) has been associated with increased risk for neuropsychiatric conditions. Mice mutant for Disc1 display(More)
Identifying rare, highly penetrant risk mutations may be an important step in dissecting the molecular etiology of schizophrenia. We conducted a gene-based analysis of large (>100 kb), rare copy-number variants (CNVs) in the Wellcome Trust Case Control Consortium 2 (WTCCC2) schizophrenia sample of 1564 cases and 1748 controls all from Ireland, and further(More)
BACKGROUND Ghrelin administration stimulates appetite and growth hormone (GH) secretion. Whether these effects are preserved in young individuals with chronic renal failure (CRF) and their potential benefit on growth is questioned. METHODS Three experiments were performed in subtotally nephrectomized young rats (Nx). (i) Food intake was monitored in CRF(More)
Chronic renal failure modifies the morphology and dynamics of the growth plate (GP) of long bones. In young uremic rats, the height of cartilage columns of GP may vary markedly. The reasons for this variation are unknown, although the severity and duration of renal failure and the type of renal osteodystrophy have been shown to influence the height of GP(More)
The primary goal of this study was to determine if the ability to undergo catch-up growth following a transient injury is preserved in an experimental model of moderate chronic renal failure (CRF) and the effect of growth hormone (GH) administration on such phenomenon. Young rats were subtotally nephrectomized (days 0 and 4) (Nx). From days 11 to 13, food(More)
Methyl-CpG binding protein 2 (MECP2) is a chromosome-binding protein that regulates the development and maintenance of brain circuits. Altered function of the protein product of MECP2 plays an important role in the etiology of many neurodevelopmental disorders. Mutations involving a loss of function are implicated in the etiology of Rett syndrome,(More)