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BACKGROUND We have previously shown that cannabinoids induce growth inhibition and apoptosis in prostate cancer PC-3 cells, which express high levels of cannabinoid receptor types 1 and 2 (CB(1) and CB(2)). In this study, we investigated the role of CB(2) receptor in the anti-proliferative action of cannabinoids and the signal transduction triggered by(More)
Recent evidence suggests the involvement of phosphatidylcholine (PC) hydrolysis both in the control of normal cell growth and in transformation. We show here that the simple exogenous addition of Bacillus cereus PC-hydrolyzing phospholipase C (PC-PLC) is sufficient to elicit a potent mitogenic response in Swiss 3T3 fibroblasts by a mechanism that is(More)
Since the discovery that cannabinoids exert biological actions through binding to specific receptors, signal mechanisms triggered by these receptors have been focus of extensive study. This review summarizes the current knowledge of the signalling events produced by cannabinoids from membrane receptors to downstream regulators. Two types of cannabinoid(More)
The present work was undertaken to study the effect of bacterial lipopolysaccharide (LPS), a potent activator of the host inflammatory response, on the synthesis of nerve growth factor (NGF) by newborn rat brain astrocytes. Treatment of primary rat astroglial cells cultured in chemically defined medium with LPS resulted in a dose-dependent accumulation of(More)
Astrocytes synthesize nerve growth factor (NGF) in response to pro-inflammatory cytokines. To further study the signaling mechanism involved in this induction of NGF production, the sphingomyelin (SM) pathway was studied. Addition of exogenous neutral SMase (Staphylococcus aureus) or C2-ceramide to primary cultures of newborn rat cortical astrocytes(More)
Cannabinoids exert antiproliferative effects in a wide range of tumoral cells, including hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cells. In this study, we examined whether the PPARγ-activated pathway contributed to the antitumor effect of two cannabinoids, Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and JWH-015, against HepG2 and HUH-7 HCC cells. Both cannabinoids increased the(More)
Capsaicin, the pungent ingredient of red hot chili peepers, has been shown to have anti-cancer activities in several cancer cells, including prostate cancer. Several molecular mechanisms have been proposed on its chemopreventive action, including ceramide accumulation, endoplasmic reticulum stress induction and NFκB inhibition. However, the precise(More)
Neuroendocrine (NE) prostate cancer (PCa) is a highly aggressive subtype of prostate cancer associated with resistance to androgen ablation therapy. In this study, we used LNCaP prostate cancer cells cultured in a serum-free medium for 6 days as a NE model of prostate cancer. Serum deprivation increased the expression of NE markers such as neuron-specific(More)
The signal mechanism underlying tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF alpha) up-regulation of nerve growth factor (NGF) production was studied in primary rat astrocyte cultures. Because ceramide is also able to induce NGF secretion and because TNF alpha is a known agonist of the sphingomyelin (SPM)-ceramide pathway, we investigated whether the TNF alpha-induced(More)