Inés Corraliza

Learn More
Activation with lipopolysaccharide induces macrophages to produce the enzymes arginase and nitric oxide (NO) synthase. Both enzymes use as a substrate the amino acid L-arginine, which can be either hydrolyzed by arginase to urea and ornithine or oxidized by NO synthase to NO and citrulline. NO is important in the bactericidal and cytotoxic activities of(More)
Infection of interleukin-10 (IL-10)-nonexpressing (IL-10(-/-)) mice with Plasmodium chabaudi chabaudi (AS) leads to exacerbated pathology in female mice and death in a proportion of them. Hypoglycemia, hypothermia, and loss in body weight were significantly greater in female IL-10(-/-) mice than in male knockout mice and all wild-type (WT) mice during the(More)
Macrophages are phagocytic cells that play essential roles in innate immunity and lipid homeostasis. The uptake of modified lipoproteins is an important early event in the development of atherosclerosis. We analyzed the ability of modified low-density lipoprotein (LDL) (oxidized and acetylated) to alter the expression and activity of arginases (ArgI and(More)
We propose a modification of Schimke's method for urea determination as a valuable micromethod for measuring arginase in activated macrophages. The method exhibits the following advantages: (a) it uses small amounts of samples (approximately 25,000 macrophages per assay); (b) it does not interfere with other related metabolites that are also present in the(More)
Polyamine synthesis from l-ornithine is essential for Leishmania growth. We have investigated the dependence of Leishmania infection on arginase, which generates l-ornithine, in macrophages from BALB/c, C57BL/6, and nitric oxide synthase II (NOS II)-deficient mouse strains. We have found that N(omega)-hydroxy-l-arginine (LOHA), a physiological inhibitor of(More)
Leishmania spp. are intracellular protozoan parasites that invade and replicate within macrophages. In a previous report, we have demonstrated that the growth of intracellular amastigotes could be controlled by inhibition of arginase. This enzyme, induced in host cells by Th2 cytokines, synthesizes L-ornithine which can be used by parasites to generate(More)
The present study addresses the regulatory mechanisms involved in the arginine metabolism of macrophages by arginase and nitric oxide synthase. Induction of both enzymes with LPS or by mixed lymphocyte reaction has been reported. Here, we demonstrate that these enzymes can be independently induced in murine bone-marrow-derived macrophages with the(More)
In the present work, we analyzed the humoral response of Leishmania major experimentally infected BALB/c and C57BL/6 mice against three Leishmania antigens: total soluble antigen (soluble leishmania antigen(SLA)), a chimerical recombinant protein formed by the genetic fusion of four cytoplasmic proteins (PQ), and a kinetoplastic membrane protein (Kmp-11).(More)
Although is well accepted that the central nervous system has an immune privilege protected by the blood-brain barrier (BBB) and maintained by the glia, it is also known that in homeostatic conditions, peripheral immune cells are able to penetrate to the deepest regions of brain without altering the structural integrity of the BBB. Nearly all neurological(More)
The protective potential against Leishmania infection of the Leishmania chimerical Q protein administered as a single (Q) or double dose (Q+Q) without adjuvant was analyzed in a double-blind placebo controlled experiment in dogs. During vaccination the protein induced an intense early anti-Q response but no reactivity against total Leishmania infantum(More)