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AT(2) receptors may act in opposition to and in balance with AT(1) receptors, their stimulation having beneficial effects. We found renal AT(2) receptor expression in female mice higher than in male mice. We asked the question of whether such expression might be estrogen dependent. In male, female, ovariectomized, and estrogen-treated ovariectomized mice,(More)
OBJECTIVES This study evaluated the safety, efficacy and validity of 6-[18F]fluorodopamine positron emission tomographic scanning of cardiac sympathetic innervation and function in humans. METHODS Positron emission tomography (PET) scans, arterial blood and urine were obtained after a 3-min intravenous infusion of 6-[18F]fluorodopamine (1 to 4 mCi, 188 to(More)
Dopamine plays an important role in the pathogenesis of hypertension by regulating epithelial sodium transport and by interacting with vasoactive hormones/humoral factors, such as aldosterone, angiotensin, catecholamines, endothelin, oxytocin, prolactin pro-opiomelancortin, reactive oxygen species, renin, and vasopressin. Dopamine receptors are classified(More)
Dopamine is important in the pathogenesis of hypertension because of abnormalities in receptor-mediated regulation of renal sodium transport. Dopamine receptors are classified into D(1)-like (D(1), D(5)) and D(2)-like (D(2), D(3), D(4)) subtypes, all of which are expressed in the kidney. Mice deficient in specific dopamine receptors have been generated to(More)
We studied renal AT1 and AT2 receptors in male, female, ovariectomized and ovariectomized-estrogen-treated Wistar-Hanover and Wistar-Kyoto rats. AT1 receptors and AT1A receptor mRNA predominated, with no significant differences between males and females. AT2 receptor expression was restricted in female rats to the capsule, the transition zone between outer(More)
Peripheral and brain angiotensin II AT(1) receptor blockade decreases high blood pressure, stress, and neuronal injury. To clarify the effects of long-term brain Ang II receptor blockade, the AT(1) blocker, candesartan, was orally administered to spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRs) for 40 days, followed by intraventricular injection of 25 ng of Ang II.(More)
Hypertension is a multigenic disorder in which abnormal counterregulation between dopamine and Ang II plays a role. Recent studies suggest that this counterregulation results, at least in part, from regulation of the expression of both the antihypertensive dopamine 5 receptor (D5R) and the prohypertensive Ang II type 1 receptor (AT1R). In this report, we(More)
This study examined whether serotonin transporter (5-HTT) gene knockout influences adrenomedullary, sympathoneural, or hypothalamo-pituitary-adrenal responses to acute immobilization. In conscious, cannulated mice, arterial plasma concentrations of catecholamines, ACTH, and corticosterone were measured at baseline and after 15 min of immobilization. Tissue(More)
We studied the effect of ovariectomy and estrogen replacement on expression of adrenal angiotensin II AT1 and AT2 receptors, aldosterone content, catecholamine synthesis, and the transcription factor Fos-related antigen 2 (Fra-2). Ovariectomy increased AT1 receptor expression in the adrenal zona glomerulosa and medulla, and decreased adrenomedullary(More)
Angiotensin II, which stimulates AT(1) receptors, is a brain and peripheral stress hormone. We pretreated rats with the AT(1) receptor antagonist candesartan for 13 d via sc-implanted osmotic minipumps, followed by 24-h isolation in individual metabolic cages. We measured angiotensin II receptor-type binding and mRNAs and tyrosine hydroxylase mRNA by(More)