Inès Li de la Sierra-Gallay

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The mechanisms involved in the virulence of Yersinia pestis, the plague pathogen, are not fully understood. In previous research, we found that a Y. pestis mutant lacking the HicB3 (YPO3369) putative orphan antitoxin was attenuated for virulence in a murine model of bubonic plague. Toxin-antitoxin systems (TASs) are widespread in prokaryotes. Most bacterial(More)
Arylamine N-acetyltransferases (NATs) are xenobiotic-metabolizing enzymes that biotransform arylamine drugs. The Bacillus anthracis (BACAN)NAT1 enzyme affords increased resistance to the antibiotic sulfamethoxazole through its acetylation. We report the structure of (BACAN)NAT1. Unexpectedly, endogenous coenzymeA was present in the active site. The(More)
Ribonucleases J1 and J2 are recently discovered enzymes with dual 5'-to-3' exoribonucleolytic/endoribonucleolytic activity that plays a key role in the maturation and degradation of Bacillus subtilis RNAs. RNase J1 is essential, while its paralogue RNase J2 is not. Up to now, it had generally been assumed that the two enzymes functioned independently. Here(More)
The initiation of mRNA degradation often requires deprotection of its 5' end. In eukaryotes, the 5'-methylguanosine (cap) structure is principally removed by the Nudix family decapping enzyme Dcp2, yielding a 5'-monophosphorylated RNA that is a substrate for 5' exoribonucleases. In bacteria, the 5'-triphosphate group of primary transcripts is also converted(More)
The important role of the serine/threonine protein phosphatase 2A (PP2A) in various cellular processes requires a precise and dynamic regulation of PP2A activity, localization, and substrate specificity. The regulation of the function of PP2A involves the reversible methylation of the COOH group of the C-terminal leucine of the catalytic subunit, which, in(More)
Ribonuclease (RNase) Z is involved in the maturation of the 3' ends of transfer RNAs (tRNAs) in all three kingdoms of life. To prevent futile cycles of CCA addition and removal, eukaryotic RNase Z discriminates against mature tRNAs bearing a CCA motif, with the first cytosine residue (C74) being the key antideterminant. Here, we show that, remarkably, the(More)
Bacteria use quorum sensing to coordinate adaptation properties, cell fate or commitment to sporulation. The infectious cycle of Bacillus thuringiensis in the insect host is a powerful model to investigate the role of quorum sensing in natural conditions. It is tuned by communication systems regulators belonging to the RNPP family and directly regulated by(More)
In Gram-positive bacteria, cell-to-cell communication mainly relies on extracellular signaling peptides, which elicit a response either indirectly, by triggering a two-component phosphorelay, or directly, by binding to cytoplasmic effectors. The latter comprise the RNPP family (Rgg and original regulators Rap, NprR, PrgX and PlcR), whose members regulate(More)
Mycobacterium and Corynebacterium are important genera of the Corynebacteriales order, the members of which are characterized by an atypical diderm cell envelope. Indeed the cytoplasmic membrane of these bacteria is surrounded by a thick mycolic acid-arabinogalactan-peptidoglycan (mAGP) covalent polymer. The mycolic acid-containing part of this complex(More)
Arylamine N-acetyltransferase (NAT) enzymes are found in a broad range of eukaryotes and prokaryotes. There is increasing evidence that NAT enzymes could contribute to antibiotic resistance in pathogenic bacteria such as Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Nocardia farcinica is an opportunistic human pathogen that causes pulmonary infections (nocardiosis) with(More)