Inès Karmous

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The role of the ubiquitin (Ub)-proteasome pathway and some endo- and aminopeptidases (EPs and APs, respectively) was studied in cotyledons of germinating bean seeds (Phaseolus vulgaris L.). The Ub system appeared to be important both in the early (3 days) and late (9 days) phases of germination. In the presence of copper, an increase in protein(More)
The present research reports a biochemical and micro-submicroscopic analysis of copper effect on reserve mobilization during germination of Phaseolus vulgaris L. var. soisson nain hatif seeds. Dry embryonic cells are rich in protein bodies and little starch grains. In Cu-treated embryos copper inhibited 50% of albumin and globulin mobilization after 72 h(More)
In agriculture, heavy metal contamination of soil interferes with processes associated with plant growth, development and productivity. Here, we describe oxidative and redox changes, and deleterious injury within cotyledons and seedlings caused by exposure of germinating (Phaseolus vulgaris L. var. soisson nain hâtif) seeds to copper (Cu). Cu induced a(More)
Germination represents a limiting stage of plant life cycle. One of the underlying metabolic activities following imbibition of seed is the reserve mobilization. Seeds of bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L. var. soisson nain hatif) were germinated by soaking in distilled water or 200 μM CuCl2. Storage proteins breakdown and amino acids freeing from reserve tissues(More)
The changes in the protease activities of bean cotyledons were investigated in response to copper stress. Assays using synthetic substrates and specific protease inhibitors followed by activity measurements and electrophoresis analysis allowed to study the classes of enzymes involved in the storage protein mobilization during the germination of bean(More)
The present work aims to provide insight on the role of phytohormone application in developing efficient practical defense strategies to improve plants tolerance under heavy metal contamination. For this purpose, pea (Pisum sativum L.) seeds were germinated in an aqueous solution of 200μM CuCl2 up to the 3rd day and then continued to germinate in the(More)
The changes in protease activities in embryonic axes during the first days of bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) seed germination were investigated in response to copper stress. Synthetic substrates and specific protease inhibitors have been used to define qualitatively and quantitatively different catalytic classes, particularly endoproteases (EP),(More)
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