Imrich Jakab

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To study whether ventricular overdrive pacing (VOP) induces preconditioning, rabbits were equipped with right ventricular electrode catheters for pacing and intracavital recording and polyethylene cannulas in the left ventricle and right carotid artery to measure intraventricular pressure and blood pressure. One week after surgery in conscious animals, VOP(More)
A preceding right ventricular overdrive pacing (VOP) of 500 b.p.m. for 5 min, markedly reduced the severity of global myocardial ischaemia produced by a subsequent 5-min VOP in conscious rabbits. This VOP-induced preconditioning developed in parallel with an increase in cardiac cyclic guanosine 3':5'-monophosphate (cyclic GMP) content. VOP-induced(More)
BACKGROUND This study examined whether cicletanine, an antihypertensive drug with cGMP phosphodiesterase inhibitory effect, could alleviate ventricular overdrive pacing-induced myocardial ischemia in chronically instrumented rabbits. METHODS An electrode-catheter implanted into the right ventricle was used for pacing (500 bpm over 5 min) and for measuring(More)
We studied the role of the L-arginine-nitric oxide (NO) pathway in non-adrenergic, non-cholinergic (NANC) relaxation of the rabbit sphincter of Oddi by recording changes in isometric tension in response to electrical field stimulation in two series of experiments. In a first set of experiments, biliary sphincters of Oddi removed from New Zealand white(More)
An 18-year-old mongoloid girl (trisomy 21) of Asian descent presented two symptoms rarely associated with mongolism (Down's syndrome). (1) Brain stem calcification; the first case diagnosed in vivo in mongolism on computerized axial tomography. (2) Hallucinatory psychotic depression; the first case successfully treated, to full recovery from the psychosis,(More)
1. Tolerance to the hypotensive effect of nitroglycerin (NG) blocks preconditioning induced by rapid ventricular pacing (RVP) in rabbits. In the present work the effect of continuous versus intermittent treatment with transdermal nitroglycerin on the pacing-induced preconditioning phenomenon was studied in conscious rabbits. 2. RVP (500 beats min-1 over 5(More)
In conscious rabbits equipped with right ventricular electrode and left ventricular polyethylene catheters, zaprinast and cicletanine, inhibitors of phosphodiesterase (PDE) V and PDEs I and V, respectively, as well as verapamil, a Ca2+ channel blocker, decreased intracavital ST-segment elevation induced by ventricular overdrive pacing (VOP). Zaprinast and(More)
Field stimulation relaxed the sphincter of Oddi muscle rings of the rabbit after incubation with phentolamine, oxprenolol and atropine (all 1 microM). The relaxation was blocked by NG-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (30 microM) and was reversed by 3 mM L-arginine but not D-arginine. Sphincter of Oddi preparations from hypercholesterolaemic rabbits exhibited(More)
We studied whether non-adrenergic, non-cholinergic (NANC) relaxation of the rabbit sphincter of Oddi was influenced by tolerance to nitroglycerin (NG) in vitro. Sphincter of Oddi (SO) muscle rings precontracted with EC50 concentrations of cholecystokinin octapeptide (CCK8) were exposed to cumulative increases in NG concentrations and tested for relaxation(More)