Imrich Barák

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We have isolated mutations that block sporulation after formation of the polar septum in Bacillus subtilis. These mutations were mapped to the two genes of a new locus, spoIIS. Inactivation of the second gene, spoIISB, decreases sporulation efficiency by 4 orders of magnitude. Inactivation of the first gene, spoIISA, has no effect on sporulation but it(More)
Sporulation in Bacillus subtilis is initiated by an asymmetric division generating two cells of different size and fate. During a short interval, the smaller forespore harbors only 30% of the chromosome until the remaining part is translocated across the septum. We demonstrate that moving the gene for sigmaF, the forespore-specific transcription factor, in(More)
Making a spore in Bacillus subtilis requires the formation of two cells, the forespore and the mother cell, which follow dissimilar patterns of gene expression. Cell specificity is first established in the forespore under the control of the sigma F factor, which is itself activated through the action of the SpoIIE serine phosphatase, an enzyme targeted to(More)
The Streptomyces aureofaciens sigF gene encodes a sigma factor. By integrative transformation, via double cross-over, a stable null mutant of sigF gene was obtained. This mutation appeared to have no obvious effect on vegetative growth, but affected the late stage of spore maturation. Microscopic examination showed that spores were deformed, and spore wall(More)
The fluid mosaic model of membrane structure has been revised in recent years as it has become evident that domains of different lipid composition are present in eukaryotic and prokaryotic cells. Using membrane binding fluorescent dyes, we demonstrate the presence of lipid spirals extending along the long axis of cells of the rod-shaped bacterium Bacillus(More)
Phosphorylation of aspartic acid residues is the hallmark of two- component signal transduction systems that orchestrate the adaptive responses of micro-organisms to changes in their surroundings. Two-component systems consist of a sensor kinase that interprets environmental signals and a response regulator that activates the appropriate physiological(More)
The response regulator proteins of two-component systems mediate many adaptations of bacteria to their ever-changing environment. Most response regulators are transcription factors that alter the level of transcription of specific sets of genes. Activation of response regulators requires their phosphorylation on a conserved aspartate residue by a cognate(More)
DivIVA from Bacillus subtilis is a bifunctional protein with distinct roles in cell division and sporulation. During vegetative growth, DivIVA regulates the activity of the MinCD complex, thus helping to direct cell division to the correct mid-cell position. DivIVA fulfils a quite different role during sporulation in B. subtilis when it directs the oriC(More)
This study examined whether protein synthesis and replication are required for maturation and fusogenicity of the lysosomal-like, large and spacious parasitophorous vacuole (PV) of Coxiella burnetii, an obligate intracellular bacterium. Large and spacious PV with multiple non-replicating C. burnetii were observed by phase microscopy in Vero cells infected(More)
DivIVA appears to be a mediator of inhibition by MinCD of division at the cell poles in Bacillus subtilis. Gel permeation and ultracentrifugation techniques were used to show self-association of DivIVA into a form consisting of 10-12 monomers in vitro. Western blot analysis of non-denaturating polyacrylamide gels confirms the presence of similar oligomers(More)