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BACKGROUND Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is a progressive and medically refractory lung disease with a grim prognosis. Although the etiology of IPF remains perplexing, abnormal adaptive immune responses are evident in many afflicted patients. We hypothesized that perturbations of human leukocyte antigen (HLA) allele frequencies, which are often seen(More)
Hiatal hernia (HH) is associated with gastro-oesophageal reflux (GOR) and/or GOR disease and may contribute to idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF). We hypothesised that HH evaluated by computed tomography is more common in IPF than in asthma or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), and correlates with abnormal GOR measured by pH probe testing. Rates(More)
RATIONALE Clinical trial design in interstitial lung diseases (ILDs) has been hampered by lack of consensus on appropriate outcome measures for reliably assessing treatment response. In the setting of connective tissue diseases (CTDs), some measures of ILD disease activity and severity may be confounded by non-pulmonary comorbidities. METHODS The(More)
7 Bordron A, Dueymes M, Levy Y, et al. The binding of some human antiendothelial cell antibodies induces endothelial cell apoptosis. 9 Witte T, Hartung K, Sachse C, et al. IgM anti-dsDNA antibodies in systemic lupus erythematosus: negative association with nephritis. endothelial cell apoptosis by IgG antibodies from SLE patients with nephropathy: A(More)
Sarcoidosis, a systemic granulomatous syndrome invariably affecting the lung, typically spontaneously remits but in ~20% of cases progresses with severe lung dysfunction or cardiac and neurologic involvement (complicated sarcoidosis). Unfortunately, current biomarkers fail to distinguish patients with remitting (uncomplicated) sarcoidosis from other(More)
Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is a progressive lung disease with poor prognosis. IPF appears to be heterogeneous in pathobiology with ∼40% of IPF patients found to have elevated levels of circulating antibodies to the autoantigen type V collagen (col(V)). Following a targeted, precision medicine approach, we conducted a phase 1 study to test the(More)
RATIONALE Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is a progressive, fatal lung disease. While it has been suggested that T cells may contribute to IPF pathogenesis, these studies have focused primarily on T cells outside of the pulmonary interstitium. Thus, the role of T cells in the diseased lung tissue remains unclear. OBJECTIVE To identify whether specific(More)
BACKGROUND The course of disease for patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is highly heterogeneous. Prognostic models rely on demographic and clinical characteristics and are not reproducible. Integrating data from genomic analyses may identify novel prognostic models and provide mechanistic insights into IPF. METHODS Total RNA of peripheral(More)
Importance The causal direction and magnitude of the association between telomere length and incidence of cancer and non-neoplastic diseases is uncertain owing to the susceptibility of observational studies to confounding and reverse causation. Objective To conduct a Mendelian randomization study, using germline genetic variants as instrumental variables,(More)