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Regulation of the extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1 and 2 (ERK1/2) pathway by the extracellular calcium (Ca2+o)-sensing receptor (CaR) was investigated in bovine parathyroid and CaR-transfected human embryonic kidney (HEKCaR) cells. Elevating Ca2+o or adding the selective CaR activator NPS R-467 elicited rapid, dose-dependent phosphorylation of(More)
Most parathyroid adenomas and some pathological parathyroid glands from patients with primary parathyroid hyperplasia or severe uremic secondary/tertiary hyperparathyroidism show an elevated set-point [the extracellular Ca2+ concentration (Ca2+o) half-maximally inhibiting PTH secretion]. In the present study, we investigated whether expression of the(More)
To determine the role of aldosterone in mediating cardiovascular damage, we performed ablation/replacement experiments with aldosterone in a rat model of cardiac injury. Administration of angiotensin II and Nomega-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME; nitric oxide synthesis inhibitor) to male rats drinking 1% saline caused hypertension, severe(More)
PURPOSE Although Angiotensin II (Ang II) is a major modulator of regional blood flow in the extracavernosal segments of the vascular bed, its role in erectile function is unknown. The corpus cavernosum penis is a modified vascular tissue that contains endothelial and smooth muscle cells. In other segments of the vascular bed, these cell types produce Ang(More)
We compared the renal vascular responses to angiotensin converting enzyme inhibition and renin inhibition to assess the influence of angiotensin II (Ang II). We examined the renal and endocrine responses to the renin inhibitor enalkiren, to captopril, and to placebo in nine healthy and nine hypertensive men on a 10-mmol sodium diet. Ang II was infused to(More)
Cultured bovine aortic endothelial cells (BAEC) contain renin and angiotensinogen. To examine whether angiotensins are synthesized intracellularly and secreted by these cells, we assayed cell extracts as well as serum-free media of intact confluent BAEC. Angiotensins were identified by their retention time on reverse phase high performance liquid(More)
In rats, plasma renin activity (PRA) increases sharply, reaching a plateau within hours of sodium restriction. Plasma aldosterone increases gradually, not reaching a plateau for 1-2 days. To determine whether this dissociation is secondary to the time needed to modify adrenal sensitivity to angiotensin II (ANG II) and to assess the role of locally produced(More)
Antibodies to cell surface receptors can cause endocrine dysfunction by mimicking or blocking the actions of their respective hormones. We sought patients with autoantibodies to the extracellular calcium (Ca(2+)(o))-sensing receptor (CaR), which sets the normal level of blood calcium, that mimic the genetic disorder, familial hypocalciuric hypercalcemia,(More)
In extracavernosal vascular tissue, smooth muscle tone is modulated by a balance between angiotensin II (Ang II) and nitric oxide (NO). We hypothesized that these substances also play an important role in regulating cavernosal smooth muscle contractility. We therefore studied the in vitro effects of an Ang II receptor antagonist and a nitric oxide synthase(More)
To address the question as to how zona glomerulosa (ZG) cell angiotensin II (Ang II) secretion is regulated, we developed an immuno-cell blot assay to measure its secretion from single cells. We compared these results with those obtained from population studies using a superfusion system. Modulation of Ang II secretion was investigated acutely (by(More)