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Protonated amino acids and derivatives RCH(NH2)C(+O)X · H(+) (X = OH, NH2, OCH3) do not form stable acylium ions on loss of HX, but rather the acylium ion eliminates CO to form the immonium ion RCH = NH 2 (+) . By contrast, protonated dipeptide derivatives H2NCH(R)C(+O)NHCH(R')C(+O)X · H(+) [X = OH, OCH3, NH2, NHCH(R″)COOH] form stable B2 ions by(More)
The unimolecular and low energy collision-induced fragmentation reactions of the MH(+) ions of N-acetyl-tri-alanine, N-acetyl-tri-alanine methyl ester, N-acetyl-tetra-alanine, tetra-alanine, penta-alanine, hexa-glycine, and Leu-enkephalin have been studied with a particular emphasis on the formation and fragmentation of B n (n=3,4,5) ions. In addition, the(More)
Amyloid oligomers are considered to play causal roles in the pathogenesis of amyloid-related degenerative diseases including Alzheimer's disease. Using MD simulation techniques, we explored the contributions of the different structural elements of trimeric and pentameric full-length Abeta1-42 aggregates in solution to their stability and conformational(More)
Parallel or polar strands of beta-peptides spontaneously form nanotubes of different sizes in a vacuum as determined by ab initio calculations. Stability and conformational features of [CH3CO-(beta-Ala)k-NHCH3]l (1 < or = k < or = 4, 2 < or = l < or = 4) models were computed at different levels of theory (e.g., B3LYP/6-311++G(d,p)// B3LYP/6-31G(d), with(More)
At the dawn of the new millenium, new concepts are required for a more profound understanding of protein structures. Together with NMR and X-ray-based 3D-structure determinations in silico methods are now widely accepted. Homology-based modeling studies, molecular dynamics methods, and quantum mechanical approaches are more commonly used. Despite the steady(More)
In a number of cases the b2 ion observed in peptide mass spectra fragments directly to the a1 ion. The present study examines the scope of this reaction and provides evidence as to the structure(s) of the b2 ions undergoing fragmentation to the a1 ion. The b2 ion H-Ala-Gly+ fragments, in part, to the a1 ion, whereas the isomeric b2 ion H-Gly-Ala+ does not(More)
The prediction of the biologically active native conformation of a protein is one of the fundamental challenges of structural biology. This problem remains yet unsolved mainly due to three factors: the partial knowledge of the effective free energy function that governs the folding process, the enormous size of the conformational space of a protein and,(More)
Different protein architectures show strong similarities regardless of their amino acid composition: the backbone folds of the different secondary structural elements exhibit nearly identical geometries. To investigate the principles of folding and stability properties, oligopeptide models (that is, HCO-(NH-L-CHR-CO)(n)-NH(2)) have been studied. Previously,(More)
This study is on structure and stability of sheetlike conformers of beta-peptides; never seen new foldamers are reported here for the first time. Single- and double-stranded structures are analyzed, and the seeds of large beta-layers and biocompatible nanomaterials are described here. Both the monomeric, HCO-[NH-CH(2)-CH(2)CO](n)-NH(2), and dimeric forms,(More)