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Protonated amino acids and derivatives RCH(NH2)C(+O)X · H(+) (X = OH, NH2, OCH3) do not form stable acylium ions on loss of HX, but rather the acylium ion eliminates CO to form the immonium ion RCH = NH 2 (+) . By contrast, protonated dipeptide derivatives H2NCH(R)C(+O)NHCH(R')C(+O)X · H(+) [X = OH, OCH3, NH2, NHCH(R″)COOH] form stable B2 ions by(More)
The unimolecular and low energy collision-induced fragmentation reactions of the MH(+) ions of N-acetyl-tri-alanine, N-acetyl-tri-alanine methyl ester, N-acetyl-tetra-alanine, tetra-alanine, penta-alanine, hexa-glycine, and Leu-enkephalin have been studied with a particular emphasis on the formation and fragmentation of B n (n=3,4,5) ions. In addition, the(More)
Amyloid oligomers are considered to play causal roles in the pathogenesis of amyloid-related degenerative diseases including Alzheimer's disease. Using MD simulation techniques, we explored the contributions of the different structural elements of trimeric and pentameric full-length Abeta1-42 aggregates in solution to their stability and conformational(More)
Two sites of a Pro-Pro diamide were subjected to individual Pro --> Thr point mutations. The parent diamide Pro-Pro as well as selected conformers of the Pro-Thr and Thr-Pro mutant models were subjected to molecular computations at the B3LYP/6-31G(d) level of theory. At the optimized geometries, thermodynamic functions (S, H, and G) were computed. In order(More)
First principle quantum molecular computations have been carried out at the B3LYP/6-31G(d,p) and G3MP2B3 levels of theory on ethyl mercaptan and diethyl disulfide to study their full conformational space. The consequences of molecular axis chirality for the potential energy hypersurface of diethyl disulfide was fully explored. Thermodynamic functions (U, H,(More)
In a number of cases the b2 ion observed in peptide mass spectra fragments directly to the a1 ion. The present study examines the scope of this reaction and provides evidence as to the structure(s) of the b2 ions undergoing fragmentation to the a1 ion. The b2 ion H-Ala-Gly+ fragments, in part, to the a1 ion, whereas the isomeric b2 ion H-Gly-Ala+ does not(More)
The full conformational space was explored for an achiral and two chiral beta-peptide models: namely For-beta-Ala-NH2, For-beta-Abu-NH2, and For-beta-Aib-NH2. Stability and conformational properties of all three model systems were computed at different levels of theory: RHF/3-21G, B3LYP/6-311++G(d,p)//RHF/3-21G, B3LYP/6-311++G(d,p),(More)
This study is on structure and stability of sheetlike conformers of beta-peptides; never seen new foldamers are reported here for the first time. Single- and double-stranded structures are analyzed, and the seeds of large beta-layers and biocompatible nanomaterials are described here. Both the monomeric, HCO-[NH-CH(2)-CH(2)CO](n)-NH(2), and dimeric forms,(More)
At the dawn of the new millenium, new concepts are required for a more profound understanding of protein structures. Together with NMR and X-ray-based 3D-structure determinations in silico methods are now widely accepted. Homology-based modeling studies, molecular dynamics methods, and quantum mechanical approaches are more commonly used. Despite the steady(More)