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We have isolated a novel Drosophila (d) gene coding for two distinct proteins via alternative splicing: a homologue of the yeast adaptor protein ADA2, dADA2a, and a subunit of RNA polymerase II (Pol II), dRPB4. Moreover, we have identified another gene in the Drosophila genome encoding a second ADA2 homologue (dADA2b). The two dADA2 homologues, as well as(More)
The Drosophila melanogaster Ketel gene was identified via the Ketel(D) dominant female sterile mutations and their ketel(r) revertant alleles that are recessive zygotic lethals. The maternally acting Ketel(D) mutations inhibit cleavage nuclei formation. We cloned the Ketel gene on the basis of a common breakpoint in 38E1. 2-3 in four ketel(r) alleles. The(More)
The histone acetyltransferase (HAT) Gcn5 plays a role in chromatin structure and gene expression regulation as a catalytic component of multiprotein complexes, some of which also contain Ada2-type transcriptional coactivators. Data obtained mostly from studies on yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae) suggest that Ada2 potentiates Gcn5 activity and substrate(More)
The novel hydroxylamine derivative, bimoclomol, has been shown previously to act as a co-inducer of several heat shock proteins (Hsp-s), enhancing the amount of these proteins produced following a heat shock compared to heat shock alone. Here we show that the co-inducing effect of bimoclomol on Hsp expression is mediated via the prolonged activation of the(More)
Preservation of the chemical architecture of a cell or of an organism under changing and perhaps stressful conditions is termed homeostasis. An integral feature of homeostasis is the rapid expression of genes whose products are specifically dedicated to protect cellular functions against stress. One of the best known mechanisms protecting cells from various(More)
In Drosophila and several other metazoan organisms, there are two genes that encode related but distinct homologs of ADA2-type transcriptional adaptors. Here we describe mutations of the two Ada2 genes of Drosophila melanogaster. By using mutant Drosophila lines, which allow the functional study of individual ADA2s, we demonstrate that both Drosophila Ada2(More)
Escherichia coli DNA was digested with restriction endonucleases BamHI, PstI, EcoRI, SalI, HindIII, XhoI, BglII, SmaI, HpaI and with selected double and triple combinations of the same enzymes. The digests were electrophoresed and hybridized with 32P-labelled ribosomal RNA by using the Southern blotting technique. The resulting bands could be arranged into(More)
Three of the four independently induced Ketel(D) dominantnegative female sterile mutations that identify the Drosophila importin-beta gene, originated from a C4114--> T transition and the concurrent replacement of Pro446 by Leu (P446L). CD spectroscopy of representative peptides with Pro or Leu in the crucial position revealed that upon the Pro-->Leu(More)
Various combinations of post-translational modifications of the N-terminal tails of nucleosomal histones serve as signals to govern chromatin-related processes. The relationship, however, among different types of histone modifications - most frequently acetylation, phosphorylation and methylation - and the order of their establishment has been explored only(More)
OBJECTIVE Our experiments were designed to investigate the effects of zerumbone pretreatment on cholecystokinin octapeptide (CCK-8)-induced acute pancreatitis in rats. METHODS Male Wistar rats weighing 240 to 280 g were divided into a control group, a group treated with CCK-8, a group receiving 20 mg/kg zerumbone before CCK-8 administration, and a group(More)