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The apparent discrepancy between the reported preferential occurrence of bronchial carcinomas in central bronchial airways and current dose estimates for inhaled particles suggests that experimentally observed local accumulations of particles within bronchial airway bifurcations may play a crucial role in lung cancer induction. Here, we computed(More)
The primary objective of this study was to quantify the local inspiratory and expiratory aerosol deposition in a highly asymmetric five-generation tracheobronchial tree. User-enhanced commercial codes and self-developed software was used to compute the air velocity field as well as particle deposition distributions for a large size range of inhalable(More)
Cellular hit probabilities of alpha particles emitted by inhaled radon progenies in sensitive bronchial epithelial cell nuclei were simulated at low exposure levels to obtain useful data for the rejection or support of the linear-non-threshold (LNT) hypothesis. In this study, local distributions of deposited inhaled radon progenies in airway bifurcation(More)
Health effects related to the deposition of inhaled aerosol particles in the respiratory system strongly depend on the local deposition patterns. These patterns are highly sensitive to the shape of the airway geometry. The current study presents an exact mathematical description of a morphologically realistic airway bifurcation by further developing an(More)
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