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Cloning through seeds has potential revolutionary applications in agriculture, because it would allow vigorous hybrids to be propagated indefinitely. However, asexual seed formation or apomixis, avoiding meiosis and fertilization, is not found in the major food crops. To develop de novo synthesis of apomixis, we crossed Arabidopsis MiMe and dyad mutants(More)
We present a binding free energy function that consists of force field terms supplemented by solvation terms. We used this function to calibrate the solvation model along with the binding interaction terms in a self-consistent manner. The motivation for this approach was that the solute dielectric-constant dependence of calculated hydration gas-to-water(More)
Apomixis, the formation of asexual seeds in plants, leads to populations that are genetically uniform maternal clones. The transfer of apomixis to crop plants holds great promise in plant breeding for fixation of heterozygosity and hybrid vigour because it would allow the propagation of hybrids over successive generations. Apomixis involves the production(More)
In this paper, we present a new sliding window based local thresholding technique 'NICK' and give a detailed comparison of some existing sliding-window based thresholding algorithms with our method. The proposed method aims at achieving better binarization results, specifically, for ancient document images. NICK has been inspired from the Niblack's(More)
Arabic script based text recognition system has been a popular field of research for many years that can be used in the learning and teaching process to the students and educators how to read and understand educational contents of Arabic script. The challenging nature of Arabic script recognition has attracted the attention of researchers from both industry(More)