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Religious concerns may be an important reason why patients decline listing for a renal transplant. These issues may be equally, or even more, important when live donation is discussed. There is good reason to believe that religious concerns play a significant role much more often than clinicians and transplant teams believe. The issue is certainly further(More)
We report a case of urinary tract infection due to metallo-beta-lactamase producing Pseudomonas aeruginosa resistant to carbapenems. This report signals an ominous development. Unless curbed by judicious use of antibiotics and early detection by screening tests, spread of this plasmid-mediated resistance can render the carbapenems ineffective.
BACKGROUND The need for pathologic examination of all tonsillectomy and/or adenoidectomy (T&A) specimens is controversial. Microscopic pathologic examination of these specimens is costly, but neglecting this step may miss diagnoses of significant diseases, especially malignancies. This study was designed to determine the rate of unexpected malignancies(More)
Luminex single antigen bead (SAB) assays have become an essential tool in monitoring the status of antibody to the Human Leucocyte Antigen (HLA) of patients both before and after transplantation. In addition SAB data is used to aid risk stratification to assess immunological risk of humoral rejection in solid organ transplantation (CTAG/BTAG guidelines)(More)
BACKGROUND Hyperphosphatemia is common in end-stage renal disease patients. Objective of this study is to compare the hypercalcaemic effect and phosphate binding power of calcium acetate and calcium carbonate in end-stage renal disease patients on maintenance haemodialysis. METHODS This randomised control trial was conducted in four phases with calcium(More)
We describe the case of a 23-year-old white woman with a long history of hypertension. She was referred to us 7 years after her initial diagnosis of hypertension when her blood pressure control worsened during pregnancy. Clinical examination showed an abdominal bruit and weak femoral pulses. Imaging showed midaortic syndrome with bilateral renal artery(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess serum calcium, phosphorus and PTH levels with reference to K/DOQI targets in haemodialysis patients at Rawalpindi. Further more efficacy of calcium carbonate (CaCO3) was compared with calcium acetate (CaAc) for maintaining serum P and Ca levels in our ESRD patients. METHODS One hundred and ninety patients on haemodialysis receiving(More)
BACKGROUND Dyslipidaemia is a major risk factor of cardiovascular disease in patients on maintenance haemodialysis. Both increased and decreased levels of cholesterol are associated with increased cardiovascular mortality in haemodialysis patients. OBJECTIVE To assess the lipid dysfunction among patients on maintenance haemodialysis in a nephrology unit(More)
Splenic infarction occurs when occlusion of splenic vasculature leads to ischemia, and subsequent tissue necrosis. It is a rare condition. Most patients have an underlying haematological or malignant process or a potential source of embolism. This article describes a patient who presented with unexplained sepsis to the acute medical unit; investigation(More)