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Religious concerns may be an important reason why patients decline listing for a renal transplant. These issues may be equally, or even more, important when live donation is discussed. There is good reason to believe that religious concerns play a significant role much more often than clinicians and transplant teams believe. The issue is certainly further(More)
Case A 50-year-old man was seen for chronic renal failure of unknown origin. He had been diagnosed in 1981 and monitored continuously while his renal functions had deteriorated slowly; his current glomerular filtration rate was 17 ml/min. On this occasion, he was seen by a new doctor who observed that he was hard of hearing. The day was unusually bright and(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess serum calcium, phosphorus and PTH levels with reference to K/DOQI targets in haemodialysis patients at Rawalpindi. Further more efficacy of calcium carbonate (CaCO3) was compared with calcium acetate (CaAc) for maintaining serum P and Ca levels in our ESRD patients. METHODS One hundred and ninety patients on haemodialysis receiving(More)
Fig. 1. Annual changes in urinary protein (UP, left panel), estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR, middle panel) and augmentation index (AI, right panel). 1. Takenaka T, Mimura T, Kanno Y et al. Qualification of arterial stiffness as a risk factor to the progression of chronic kidney diseases. Am J Nephrol 2005; 25: 417–424 2. Mimura T, Takenaka T,(More)
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