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Forty-nine methanol extracts of 37 species of Malaysian medicinal plants were investigated for their inhibitory effects on platelet-activating factor (PAF) binding to rabbit platelets, using 3H-PAF as a ligand. Among them, the extracts of six Zingiberaceae species (Alpinia galanga Swartz., Boesenbergia pandurata Roxb., Curcuma ochorrhiza Val., C. aeruginosa(More)
Summary2-Amino-3,4-dihydro-6-methyl-4-oxo-5-(4-pyridylthio)-quinazoline dihydrochloride (nolatrexed dihydrochloride, Thymitaq, AG337), a specific inhibitor of thymidylate synthase, was developed using protein structure-based drug design. Intravenously administered nolatrexed is active clinically. As oral bioavailability is high (70–100%), nolatrexed was(More)
BACKGROUND Some anticancer drugs inhibit thymidylate synthase (TS), a key enzyme for thymidine nucleotide biosynthesis. Cells can compensate for depleted thymidine levels by taking up extracellular thymidine via a salvage pathway. We investigated the use of 2-[11C]thymidine positron emission tomography (PET) to measure thymidine salvage kinetics in vivo in(More)
3,4-Dihydro-2-amino-6-methyl-4-oxo-5-(4-pyridylthio)-quinazolon e dihydrochloride (AG337) is a nonclassical inhibitor of thymidylate synthase (TS) designed to avoid potential resistance mechanisms that can limit the activity of classical antifolate antimetabolites. A clinical pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic study of AG337 given as a 24-h i.v. infusion(More)
PURPOSE A phase I, multicenter trial of the thymidylate synthase (TS) inhibitor THYMITAQ (nolatrexed dihydrochloride; Agouron Pharmaceuticals, Inc, San Diego, CA) given by 5-day continuous infusion was performed to establish the maximum-tolerated dose (MTD) and to investigate pharmacokinetics, pharmacodynamics, and antitumor effects. METHODS In vitro and(More)
Phase I studies of p.o. administered nolatrexed dihydrochloride (AG337, THYMITAQ), a nonclassical thymidylate synthase inhibitor, were performed to establish the maximum tolerated dose and a recommended dose for Phase II studies. The bioavailability and pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic properties of oral nolatrexed were also studied. Forty-five patients(More)
3,4-Dihydro-2-amino-6-methyl-4-oxo-5-(4-pyridylthio)quinazobone dihydrochboride (AG337) is a nonclassical inhibitor of thymidylate synthase (TS) designed to avoid potential resistance mechanisms that can limit the activity of classical antifolate antimetabolites. A clinical pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic study of AG337 given as a 24-h i.v. infusion was(More)
Six aporphine and one phenanthrenoid alkaloids isolated from Aromadendron elegans Blume were investigated for their inhibitory effect on platelet-activating factor (PAF) binding to rabbit platelets using 3H-PAF as a ligand. Of the compounds tested, (-)-N-acetylanonaine, 1-(N-acetyl-N-methylamino)ethyl-3,4,6-trimethoxy-7-hydroxy-phenanthrene, and(More)
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