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Specimens of the prosobranch Littorina littorea (L., 1758) collected along the East Frisian North Sea coast in summer 1993 exhibited alterations of the pallial oviduct termed as intersex in response to tributyltin (TBT) pollution. The range of TBT body burden was between 150.9 and 1289.5 µg as Sn kg−1 (dry wt.). Five stages of intersex development (0–4)(More)
Although chronic caffeine exposure during pregnancy has been shown to affect fetal growth, adverse effects of caffeine on embryogenesis are not only well understood, but also controversial. We have used gene chip technology in an attempt to identify to what extent, if any, caffeine could possibly alter gene expressions in the cytotrophoblast-like cell line(More)
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