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The present study describes the strains of hepatitis C virus (HCV) isolated from Tunisian hemodialysis patients. Thirty-three HCV strains isolated from different dialysis centers in Tunis City were amplified by RT-PCR in a region of the NS5b gene, genotyped by sequencing, and compared to international sequences by phylogenetic analysis. The phylogenetic(More)
BACKGROUND Ulcerative colitis (UC) and Crohn's disease (CD) are chronic intestinal disorders characterized by immune dysregulation and leukocytes recruitment into gastrointestinal tract. Cell adhesion molecules (CAM) mediate the extravasation of leukocytes and their accumulation in inflamed intestinal mucosa. Recently, CAM genes have been implicated in(More)
The aim of this study is to define a reliable reckoning of gene frequencies and six-locus haplotypic frequencies of HLA-A, HLA-B, HLA-C, HLA-DRB1, HLA-DQA1, HLA-DQB1 and HLA-DPB1 in the Tunisian population. One hundred unrelated random, healthy people originating from various parts of Tunisia were typed for the alleles of the loci mentioned above by using(More)
To investigate the association between kidney transplant rejection and the polymorphisms of CTLA-4 gene exon 1(+49) and promoter (-318), genomic DNA of 70 renal transplant recipients and 110 healthy blood donors were genotyped by PCR-RFLP and PCR-SSP, respectively. The patients were classified in two groups: G1 included 33 HLA-identical recipients and G2,(More)
BACKGROUND Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is thought to be chronic and the factors leading to viral clearance or persistence are poorly understood. This study was undertaken to investigate the possibility of a significant relationship between the spontaneous clearance or the persistence of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection and cytokine and apoptosis gene(More)
As chemokines and adhesion molecules play major roles in the process by which leukocytes are recruited from the bloodstream into sites of inflammation, genetic variations in the production or activity of molecules may influence susceptibility to acute rejection episodes. This study sought to determine the impact of recipient monocyte chemoattractant(More)
Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) and its co-receptor CD14 play a major role in innate immunity by recognizing PAMPs and signal the activation of adaptive responses. These receptors can recognize endogenous ligands mainly auto-antigens. In addition, TLR4 (Asp299Gly) and CD14 (C/T -159) polymorphisms (SNPs) may modify qualitatively and/or quantitatively their(More)
Hereditary C1q deficiency (C1qD) is the most penetrant genetic factor predisposing to the development of lupus pathology with more than 93% of C1q deficient patients developing this autoimmune pathology throughout their life. It is a rare autosomal recessive deficiency, with only 67 cases reported so far including one Tunisian girl who died at the age of(More)
Allograft rejection is an immune response relying on the proliferation and the differentiation of T cells. CTLA-4 is a co-stimulatory molecule, expressed on activated T lymphocytes, which has been shown to play a crucial role in the down-regulation of T-cell activation. Herein, we have examined the impart of a genetic marker in the CTLA-4 gene on renal(More)
CTLA-4 and CD28 are T lymphocyte receptors involved in the regulation of T-cell activation. Allograft rejection is an alloimune response which is strongly dependent on T-cell proliferation. Thus, we examined the relationship between CTLA-4 and CD28 gene polymorphisms and renal transplant outcomes. We genotyped 141 renal recipients and 229 healthy controls(More)