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BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE To study whether computed tomography (CT) can measure the water content of early ischemic edema. METHODS The authors obtained cranial CT in 5 groups of rats subjected to 1 hour (n = 8), 2 hours (n = 11), 3 hours (n = 13), 4 hours (n = 13), or 6 hours (n = 14) of right middle cerebral artery (MCA) occlusion. Immediately after CT, the(More)
PURPOSE The computed tomogram angiography (CTA) 'spot sign' describes foci of intralesional enhancement associated with hematoma expansion in primary intracerebral hemorrhage patients. A consistent radiological definition is required for two proposed recombinant Factor VIIa trials planning patient dichotomization according to 'spot sign' presence or(More)
BACKGROUND In patients with intracerebral haemorrhage (ICH), early haemorrhage expansion affects clinical outcome. Haemostatic treatment reduces haematoma expansion, but fails to improve clinical outcomes in many patients. Proper selection of patients at high risk for haematoma expansion seems crucial to improve outcomes. In this study, we aimed to(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE There is ongoing controversy about the impact of hemorrhagic transformation after thrombolysis on long-term functional outcome. We sought to study the relation between the type of hemorrhagic transformation on CT scans and functional outcome. METHODS Data were obtained from the Canadian Alteplase for Stroke Effectiveness Study. This(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The significance of early ischemic changes (EICs) on computed tomography (CT) to triage patients for thrombolysis has been controversial. The Alberta Stroke Program Early CT Score (ASPECTS) semiquantitatively assesses EICs within the middle cerebral artery territory using a10-point grading system. We hypothesized that dichotomized(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Minimal research has evaluated the renal safety of emergent computed tomography angiography (CTA) procedures, consecutive contrast medium application, and the long-term outcome in acute stroke patients. We investigated the incidence of contrast-induced renal impairment in these populations. METHODS We retrospectively reviewed(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The spot sign score (SSS) provides risk stratification for hematoma expansion in acute intracerebral hemorrhage; however, external validation is needed. We sought to validate the SSS and assess prognostic performance of individual spot characteristics associated with hematoma expansion from a prospective multicenter intracerebral(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The posterior circulation Acute Stroke Prognosis Early CT Score (pc-ASPECTS) is a 10-point grading system to quantify ischemic changes in the posterior circulation. We analyzed whether pc-ASPECTS on CT angiography (CTA) source images (CTASI) predicted the final infarct extent and hemorrhagic transformation (HT) rate in patients with(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The presence of seizure at stroke onset is a contraindication for intravenous tissue plasminogen activator treatment. A significant proportion of these patients' deficits are not attributable to Todd's paralysis and could be attributable to reversible ischemia. Currently there are no established methods of differentiating Todd's(More)