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BACKGROUND In ischemic stroke, functional outcomes vary depending on site of intracranial occlusion. We tested the prognostic value of a semiquantitative computed tomography angiography-based clot burden score. METHODS Clot burden score allots major anterior circulation arteries 10 points for presence of contrast opacification on computed tomography(More)
PURPOSE The computed tomogram angiography (CTA) 'spot sign' describes foci of intralesional enhancement associated with hematoma expansion in primary intracerebral hemorrhage patients. A consistent radiological definition is required for two proposed recombinant Factor VIIa trials planning patient dichotomization according to 'spot sign' presence or(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Quantification of early ischemic changes (EIC) may predict functional outcome in patients with basilar artery occlusion (BAO). We tested the validity of a novel CT score, the posterior circulation Acute Stroke Prognosis Early CT score (pc-ASPECTS). METHODS Pc-ASPECTS allots the posterior circulation 10 points. Two points each are(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE To study whether computed tomography (CT) can measure the water content of early ischemic edema. METHODS The authors obtained cranial CT in 5 groups of rats subjected to 1 hour (n = 8), 2 hours (n = 11), 3 hours (n = 13), 4 hours (n = 13), or 6 hours (n = 14) of right middle cerebral artery (MCA) occlusion. Immediately after CT, the(More)
BACKGROUND In patients with intracerebral haemorrhage (ICH), early haemorrhage expansion affects clinical outcome. Haemostatic treatment reduces haematoma expansion, but fails to improve clinical outcomes in many patients. Proper selection of patients at high risk for haematoma expansion seems crucial to improve outcomes. In this study, we aimed to(More)
The introduction of brain imaging with computed tomography revolutionised the treatment of patients with acute ischaemic stroke. With the visual differentiation of haemorrhagic stroke from ischaemic stroke, thrombolytic therapy became feasible. The Alberta Stroke Program Early CT Score was devised to quantify the extent of early ischaemic changes in the(More)
OBJECTIVE A malignant profile of early brain ischemia has been demonstrated in the Diffusion and Perfusion Imaging Evaluation for Understanding Stroke Evolution (DEFUSE) trial. Patients with a malignant profile had a low chance for an independent functional outcome despite thrombolysis within 3-6 h. We sought to determine whether CT angiography (CTA) could(More)
PURPOSE Microangiopathic lesions of the brain tissue correlate with the clinical diagnosis of vascular subcortical dementia. The "experience-based" evaluation is insufficient. Rating scales may contribute to reproducible quantification. MATERIALS AND METHODS In MRI studies of 10 patients, 9 neuroradiologists quantified vascular white matter lesions (WMLs)(More)
BACKGROUND Stroke thrombolysis is limited by the "last-seen well" principle, which defines stroke onset time. A significant minority of stroke patients (~15%) awake with their symptoms and are by definition ineligible for thrombolysis because they were "last-seen well" at the time they went to bed implying an interval that is most often greater than three(More)