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OBJECTIVE Few studies have assessed the role of specific gastrointestinal infections in celiac disease. We investigated whether increased frequency of rotavirus infection, a common cause of gastrointestinal infection and inflammation, predicts increased risk of celiac disease autoimmunity. METHODS A cohort of 1,931 children from the Denver metropolitan(More)
INTRODUCTION Gliadin proteins play a key role in the pathogenesis of celiac disease; however, as a screen for celiac disease, anti-gliadin antibody testing has been replaced by the more sensitive and specific serological assays for transglutaminase autoantibodies (TGAA). A new generation of anti-gliadin antibody assays has been developed to detect(More)
OBJECTIVE At-risk groups commonly undergo screening for autoantibodies associated with celiac disease (CD). However, the clinical significance of a positive test remains uncertain. The objective of this study was to evaluate growth and clinical features of children who test positive for an autoantibody associated with CD. METHODS A case-control study of(More)
OBJECTIVE We explore continuous glucose monitoring (CGM) as a new approach to defining early hyperglycemia and diagnosing type 1 diabetes in children with positive islet autoantibodies (Ab+). RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS Fourteen Ab+ children, free of signs or symptoms of diabetes, and nine antibody-negative (Ab-) subjects, followed by the Diabetes(More)
OBJECTIVES To estimate the frequency of celiac disease (CD) in children in the general population of Denver, Colorado. STUDY DESIGN From 22,346 newborns characterized as expressing 0, 1, or 2 HLA-DR3(DQB1*0201) alleles, 987 were selected for a prospective stratified cohort study. Participants were followed for as long as 7 years with serial testing for(More)
OBJECTIVES Measurement of transglutaminase autoantibodies (TGAA) is considered to be the most efficient single serologic test for celiac disease (CD) by the American Gastroenterological Association Institute. We hypothesized that a large international collaborative effort toward improving and standardizing TGAA measurement is both feasible and necessary.(More)
OBJECTIVE Children with type 1 diabetes (T1DM) are at increased risk for celiac disease (CD); however, the benefits of screening for IgA tissue transglutaminase autoantibodies (TG), a marker for CD, are unclear. STUDY DESIGN We compared 71 screening-identified TG+ with 63 matched TG- children with TIDM. Growth, bone density, and diabetes control measures(More)
The nuclear DNA content of trophoblasts was measured in 25 cases of normal pregnancy, 46 cases with hydatidiform mole, ten cases with destructive mole and six cases of chorionepithelioma (choriocarcinoma). In normal pregnancy, DNA distribution in syncytiotrophoblasts and cytotrophoblasts showed a sharp peak at the diploid region, although a few(More)