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OBJECTIVES To estimate the frequency of celiac disease (CD) in children in the general population of Denver, Colorado. STUDY DESIGN From 22,346 newborns characterized as expressing 0, 1, or 2 HLA-DR3(DQB1*0201) alleles, 987 were selected for a prospective stratified cohort study. Participants were followed for as long as 7 years with serial testing for(More)
OBJECTIVE At-risk groups commonly undergo screening for autoantibodies associated with celiac disease (CD). However, the clinical significance of a positive test remains uncertain. The objective of this study was to evaluate growth and clinical features of children who test positive for an autoantibody associated with CD. METHODS A case-control study of(More)
OBJECTIVE Few studies have assessed the role of specific gastrointestinal infections in celiac disease. We investigated whether increased frequency of rotavirus infection, a common cause of gastrointestinal infection and inflammation, predicts increased risk of celiac disease autoimmunity. METHODS A cohort of 1,931 children from the Denver metropolitan(More)
OBJECTIVES Measurement of transglutaminase autoantibodies (TGAA) is considered to be the most efficient single serologic test for celiac disease (CD) by the American Gastroenterological Association Institute. We hypothesized that a large international collaborative effort toward improving and standardizing TGAA measurement is both feasible and necessary.(More)
INTRODUCTION Gliadin proteins play a key role in the pathogenesis of celiac disease; however, as a screen for celiac disease, anti-gliadin antibody testing has been replaced by the more sensitive and specific serological assays for transglutaminase autoantibodies (TGAA). A new generation of anti-gliadin antibody assays has been developed to detect(More)
OBJECTIVE Children with type 1 diabetes (T1DM) are at increased risk for celiac disease (CD); however, the benefits of screening for IgA tissue transglutaminase autoantibodies (TG), a marker for CD, are unclear. STUDY DESIGN We compared 71 screening-identified TG+ with 63 matched TG- children with TIDM. Growth, bone density, and diabetes control measures(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the benefits of screening for celiac autoimmunity via immunoglobulin A transglutaminase autoantibodies (TG) in children with type 1 diabetes (T1D). STUDY DESIGN We followed up 79 screening-identified TG+ and 56 matched TG- children with T1D for 2 years to evaluate growth, bone mineral density, nutritional status, and diabetes(More)