Iman Singh Gurung

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AIM Hypokalaemia is associated with a lethal form of ventricular tachycardia (VT), torsade de pointes, through pathophysiological mechanisms requiring clarification. METHODS Left ventricular endocardial and epicardial monophasic action potentials were compared in isolated mouse hearts paced from the right ventricular epicardium perfused with hypokalaemic(More)
In several pathological and experimental conditions, the passive membrane conductance of muscle fibers (G(m)) and their excitability are inversely related. Despite this capacity of G(m) to determine muscle excitability, its regulation in active muscle fibers is largely unexplored. In this issue, our previous study (Pedersen et al. 2009. J. Gen. Physiol.(More)
Mutations within KCNE1 encoding a transmembrane protein which coassembles with K+ channels mediating slow K+, I(Ks), currents are implicated in cardiac action potential prolongation and ventricular arrhythmogenicity in long QT syndrome 5. We demonstrate the following potentially arrhythmogenic features in simultaneously recorded, left ventricular,(More)
Ventricular arrhythmogenesis in long QT 3 syndrome (LQT3) involves both triggered activity and re-entrant excitation arising from delayed ventricular repolarization. Effects of specific L-type Ca2+ channel antagonism were explored in a gain-of-function murine LQT3 model produced by a DeltaKPQ 1505-1507 deletion in the SCN5A gene. Monophasic action(More)
The recently described exchange protein directly activated by cAMP (Epac) has been implicated in distinct protein kinase A-independent cellular signalling pathways. We investigated the role of Epac activation in adrenergically mediated ventricular arrhythmogenesis. In contrast to observations in control conditions (n = 20), monophasic action potentials(More)
AIMS We resolved roles for early afterdepolarizations (EADs) and transmural gradients of repolarization in arrhythmogenesis in Langendorff-perfused hypokalaemic murine hearts paced from the right ventricular epicardium. METHODS Left ventricular epicardial and endocardial monophasic action potentials (MAPs) and arrhythmogenic tendency were compared in the(More)
We report for the first time abnormalities in cardiac ventricular electrophysiology in a genetically modified murine model lacking the Scn3b gene (Scn3b(-/-)). Scn3b(-/-) mice were created by homologous recombination in embryonic stem (ES) cells. RT-PCR analysis confirmed that Scn3b mRNA was expressed in the ventricles of wild-type (WT) hearts but was(More)
AIMS Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-γ coactivators PGC1α and PGC1β modulate mitochondrial biogenesis and energy homeostasis. The function of these transcriptional coactivators is impaired in obesity, insulin resistance, and type 2 diabetes. We searched for transcriptomic, lipidomic, and electrophysiological alterations in PGC1β(-/-) hearts(More)
AIM The multifunctional signal molecule calmodulin kinase II (CaMKII) has been associated with cardiac arrhythmogenesis under conditions where its activity is chronically elevated. Recent studies report that its activity is also acutely elevated during acidosis. We test a hypothesis implicating CaMKII in the arrhythmogenesis accompanying metabolic(More)
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