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BACKGROUND The relationship between media exposure and school performance has not been studied extensively in adolescents. OBJECTIVE The purpose of this work was to test the relative effects of television, movie, and video game screen time and content on adolescent school performance. METHODS We conducted a population-based cross-sectional survey of(More)
PURPOSE To identify mechanisms for the impact of visual media use on adolescents' school performance. METHODS We conducted a 24-month, four-wave longitudinal telephone study of a national sample of 6,486 youth aged 10 to 14 years. Exposure measures: latent construct for screen exposure time (weekday time spent viewing television/playing videogames,(More)
BACKGROUND Health literacy measures the degree to which individuals understand health information. It has not been studied among parents with limited English proficiency (LEP). OBJECTIVE We aimed to determine how well Spanish-speaking Latino parents with LEP understood the written instructions accompanying a routinely prescribed medication. DESIGN AND(More)
OBJECTIVE To test the relationship between child health literacy and body mass index (BMI) Z-score in overweight children. METHODS Cross-sectional survey of overweight children and parents. Parent and child health literacy was measured by the Short Test of Functional Health Literacy (STOFHLA). Linear regression tested for predictors of childhood BMI(More)
BACKGROUND Fundoplication is often performed in conjunction with gastrostomy tube (GT) placement in children, but there is a great deal of variation in rates of and indications for this procedure. Little is known about the impact of fundoplication on peri-operative outcomes. This study examines a national cohort of pediatric patients to compare(More)
OBJECTIVE We evaluated the accuracy of translated, Spanish-language medicine labels among pharmacies in a borough with a large Spanish-speaking population. METHODS A cross-sectional, telephone survey of all pharmacies in the Bronx, New York, was performed. Selected pharmacies were visited to learn about the computer software being used to generate Spanish(More)
Use of complementary/alternative medicine (CAM) has been increasing, especially among patients with a chronic illness. Although asthma is the most common chronic illness affecting children in the United States, very little is known about the use of CAM in children with asthma. Our objective was to determine the prevalence and correlates of CAM use among(More)
To examine the association between exposure to Reach Out and Read and vocabulary outcomes in children, a consecutive sample of 200 parent/child pairs was studied at two inner-city health centers. Children at clinic A were exposed to Reach Out and Read, a clinic-based literacy intervention, for 3 years at the time of the study; children at clinic B were(More)
OBJECTIVE To study the impact of family-centered rounds for general pediatrics inpatients. METHODS An observation tool and participant surveys was developed. The authors analyzed rounding time and rounds participants. Associations between family presence and participants' satisfaction were analyzed. RESULTS Data were collected on 295 patients and from(More)
BACKGROUND The 1997 National Asthma Education and Prevention Program (NAEPP) recommends a severity classification scheme to optimize the use of anti-inflammatory therapy for persistent asthma. Physician documentation of asthma severity is often used as a quality assurance measure. OBJECTIVE To test the hypothesis that physician documentation of asthma(More)