Imad Y. Haddad

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Activated alveolar macrophages and epithelial type II cells release both nitric oxide and superoxide which react at near diffusion-limited rate (6.7 x 10(9) M-1s-1) to form peroxynitrite, a potent oxidant capable of damaging the alveolar epithelium and pulmonary surfactant. Peroxynitrite, but not nitric oxide or superoxide, readily nitrates phenolic rings(More)
Activated alveolar macrophages secrete both nitric oxide and superoxide in the alveolar lining fluid which combine rapidly to form peroxynitrite, a potent oxidizing agent capable of damaging lipids and proteins in biological membranes. Peroxynitrite (1 mM) plus 100 microM Fe3+EDTA inhibited calf lung surfactant extract (CLSE) from reaching a minimum surface(More)
RATIONALE Acute lung dysfunction of noninfectious etiology, known as idiopathic pneumonia syndrome (IPS), is a severe complication following hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). Several mouse models have been recently developed to determine the underlying causes of IPS. A cohesive interpretation of experimental data and their relationship to the(More)
The conditions under which nitric oxide (.NO) may modulate or promote lung injury have not been identified. We hypothesized that .NO-induced injury results from peroxynitrite, formed by the reaction of .NO with superoxide. The simultaneous generation of .NO and superoxide by 3-morpholinosydnonimine (SIN-1, 0.1-2 mM) resulted in oxidation of(More)
To examine mechanisms underlying developmental changes in pulmonary vascular tone, we tested the hypotheses that 1) maturation-related changes in the ability of the pulmonary vasculature to respond to hypoxia are intrinsic to the pulmonary artery (PA) smooth muscle cells (SMCs); 2) voltage-gated K(+) (K(v))-channel activity increases with maturation; and 3)(More)
Alveolar type II (ATII) cells, are often exposed to increased concentration of endogenous and exogenous nitric oxide (.NO). Exposure of freshly isolated rat ATII cells for 2 h to 1-3 microM .NO, generated by S-nitroso-N-penicillamine (SNAP), spermine NONOate, or 3-morpholino-sydnonimine (SIN-1) in the presence of superoxide dismutase, resulted in(More)
Patients with inherited metabolic storage disorders are at a higher risk of developing pulmonary complications after hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT). This single-center prospective study of 48 consecutive inherited metabolic storage disorder patients was performed to identify risk factors for the development of pulmonary complications after HCT.(More)
We investigated keratinocyte growth factor (KGF) as a pretreatment therapy for idiopathic pneumonia syndrome (IPS) generated as a result of lung damage and allogeneic T cell-dependent inflammatory events occurring in the early peri-bone marrow (BM) transplant (BMT) period. B10.BR (H2(k)) recipient mice were transplanted with C57BL/6 (H2(b)) BM with spleen(More)
Myeloperoxidase (MPO)-derived oxidants participate in the respiratory antimicrobial defense system but are also implicated in oxidant-mediated acute lung injury. We hypothesized that MPO contributes to lung injury commonly observed after bone marrow transplantation (BMT). MPO-sufficient (MPO+/+) and -deficient (MPO-/-) mice were given cyclophosphamide and(More)
Nitric oxide (. NO) has been implicated in a wide range of autocrine and paracrine signaling mechanisms. Herein, we assessed the role of exogenous. NO in the modulation of heterologous gene expression in polarized kidney epithelial cells (LLC-PK(1)) that were stably transduced with a cDNA encoding human wild-type cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance(More)