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Activated alveolar macrophages and epithelial type II cells release both nitric oxide and superoxide which react at near diffusion-limited rate (6.7 x 10(9) M-1s-1) to form peroxynitrite, a potent oxidant capable of damaging the alveolar epithelium and pulmonary surfactant. Peroxynitrite, but not nitric oxide or superoxide, readily nitrates phenolic rings(More)
Activated alveolar macrophages secrete both nitric oxide and superoxide in the alveolar lining fluid which combine rapidly to form peroxynitrite, a potent oxidizing agent capable of damaging lipids and proteins in biological membranes. Peroxynitrite (1 mM) plus 100 microM Fe3+EDTA inhibited calf lung surfactant extract (CLSE) from reaching a minimum surface(More)
The conditions under which nitric oxide (.NO) may modulate or promote lung injury have not been identified. We hypothesized that .NO-induced injury results from peroxynitrite, formed by the reaction of .NO with superoxide. The simultaneous generation of .NO and superoxide by 3-morpholinosydnonimine (SIN-1, 0.1-2 mM) resulted in oxidation of(More)
Alveolar type II (ATII) cells, are often exposed to increased concentration of endogenous and exogenous nitric oxide (.NO). Exposure of freshly isolated rat ATII cells for 2 h to 1-3 microM .NO, generated by S-nitroso-N-penicillamine (SNAP), spermine NONOate, or 3-morpholino-sydnonimine (SIN-1) in the presence of superoxide dismutase, resulted in(More)
Patients with inherited metabolic storage disorders are at a higher risk of developing pulmonary complications after hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT). This single-center prospective study of 48 consecutive inherited metabolic storage disorder patients was performed to identify risk factors for the development of pulmonary complications after HCT.(More)
We investigated keratinocyte growth factor (KGF) as a pretreatment therapy for idiopathic pneumonia syndrome (IPS) generated as a result of lung damage and allogeneic T cell-dependent inflammatory events occurring in the early peri-bone marrow (BM) transplant (BMT) period. B10.BR (H2(k)) recipient mice were transplanted with C57BL/6 (H2(b)) BM with spleen(More)
Nitric oxide (. NO) has been implicated in a wide range of autocrine and paracrine signaling mechanisms. Herein, we assessed the role of exogenous. NO in the modulation of heterologous gene expression in polarized kidney epithelial cells (LLC-PK(1)) that were stably transduced with a cDNA encoding human wild-type cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance(More)
We reported that systemic keratinocyte growth factor (KGF) given before bone marrow transplantation (BMT) prevents allogeneic T cell-dependent lung inflammation assessed on Day 7 post-BMT, but the antiinflammatory effects of KGF were impaired in mice injected with both T cells and conditioning regimen of cyclophosphamide (Cy). Intratracheal KGF is known to(More)
We have shown that NO and superoxide (O-*2)contribute to donor T cell-dependent lung dysfunction after bone marrow transplantation (BMT) in mice. We hypothesized that inhibiting superoxide production during inducible NO synthase induction would suppress oxidative/nitrative stress and result in less severe lung injury. Irradiated mice lacking the phagocytic(More)
In a murine bone-marrow transplant (BMT) model designed to determine risk factors for lung dysfunction in irradiated mice, we reported that cyclophosphamide (Cy)-induced injury and lethality depended on the infusion of donor spleen T cells. In the study reported here, we hypothesized that alveolar macrophage (AM)-derived reactive oxygen/nitrogen species are(More)