Imad M Fadl-Elmula

Learn More
Samples from 34 primary transitional cell carcinomas (TCCs) of the bladder were short-term-cultured and processed for cytogenetic analysis after G-banding of the chromosomes. Clonal chromosome abnormalities were detected in 27 tumors and normal karyotypes in 3, and the cultures from 4 tumors failed to grow. Losses of genetic material were more common than(More)
Twenty-one multifocal urinary tract transitional cell carcinomas, mostly bladder tumours, from a total of six patients were processed for cytogenetic analysis after short-term culturing of the tumour cells. Karyotypically related, often identical, cytogenetically complex clones were found in all informative tumours from each case, including the recurrent(More)
This article reviews and summarizes chromosomal changes responsible for the initiation and progression of uroepithelial carcinomas. Characterization of these alterations may lead to a better understanding of the genetic mechanisms and open the door for molecular markers that can be used for better diagnosis and prognosis of the disease. Such information(More)
Ten primary (nine regular and one post-radiation) upper urinary tract transitional cell carcinomas (TCC), i.e., tumors of the renal pelvis and ureter, were obtained from 10 patients following nephroureterectomy and processed for cytogenetic analysis after short-term culturing. Clonal chromosomal aberrations were found in eight tumors. While 10(More)
BACKGROUND Sudan is a large country with a diverse population and history of civil conflict. Poverty levels are high with a gross national income per capita of less than two thousand dollars. The country has a high burden of tuberculosis (TB) with an estimated 50,000 incident cases during 2009, when the estimated prevalence was 209 cases per 100,000 of the(More)
BACKGROUND Bilharzia-associated bladder cancer (BAC) is a major health problem in countries where urinary schistosomiasis is endemic. Characterization of the genetic alterations in this cancer might enhance our understanding of the pathogenic mechanisms of the disease but, in contrast to nonbilharzia bladder cancer, BAC has rarely been the object of such(More)
Chromosome analysis by G-banding, spectral karyotyping (SKY) and fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) was performed on 24 short-term cultured transitional cell bladder carcinomas and 5 cell lines established from bladder carcinomas. Except for one tumor with an apparently normal chromosomal constitution, clonal chromosome abnormalities were detected in(More)
Two secondary squamous cell carcinomas of the bladder (i.e., tumors that originated from primary transitional cell carcinomas) were examined cytogenetically. Both tumors showed complex karyotypes with many of the same aberrations that have formerly been described in transitional cell carcinomas. Monosomy 9, trisomy 7, and rearrangements of chromosomes 3, 8,(More)
There have been numerous evidences supporting the relationship between olive oil and cancer, with most of the attention being directed toward its fat and phenolic content. The aims of this study were to investigate whether EVOO and OA could enhance the effects of aromatase inhibitors (letrozole and anastrozole) in ER-positive MCF-7 cells, as well as to(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine age-specific prostate-specific antigen (PSA) reference values in a community-based sample of Sudanese men, aged 40-90 years. METHODS This study was conducted in the Central Laboratory Services, Soba University Hospital, Khartoum, Sudan from January 2008 to May 2010. Total serum PSA in 3475 Sudanese men with no clinical evidence of(More)