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Flavonoids are an interesting group of natural products ubiquitously present in human diet. Their consumption has been associated with various and differing beneficial health effects. However, several flavonoids have been reported to inhibit the breast cancer resistance protein (BCRP) encoded by the ABCG2 gene. Thus, the consumption of flavonoids with high(More)
In this study we describe a simplified, HTS-capable functional assay for the multidrug resistance (MDR) transporter P-glycoprotein (P-gp) based on its substrate Hoechst 33342. The physicochemical properties of Hoechst 33342 and the enormous milieu dependency of its fluorescence intensity allowed performing the assay in a homogeneous manner. This new assay(More)
The inhibitory effect of a series of 5'-O-amino acid and oligopeptide derivatives of uridine on rat liver UDP-glucuronosyltransferase (UGT) activities was investigated using two assay systems. A quantitative structure-activity relationship (QSAR) study was performed. The compounds include a lipophilic residue linked to the nucleoside by a variable spacer.(More)
A set of 40 phenothiazines, thioxanthenes, and structurally related drugs with multidrug resistance modulating activity in tumor cells in vitro were selected from literature data and subjected to three-dimensional quantitative structure-activity relationship study using comparative molecular field analysis (CoMFA). More than 350 CoMFA models were derived(More)
The development of new modulators possessing high efficacy, low toxicity and high selectivity is a pivotal approach to overcoming P-glycoprotein (P-gp) mediated multidrug resistance (MDR) in tumour cells. In this study 39 compounds are presented which have been synthesized and pharmacologically investigated in our laboratory. Similarly to the potent 3rd(More)
A general pharmacophore model of P-glycoprotein (P-gp) drugs is proposed that is based on a highly diverse data set and relates to the verapamil binding site of the protein. It is derived from structurally different drugs using the program GASP. The pharmacophore model consists of two hydrophobic points, three hydrogen bond (HB) acceptor points, and one HB(More)
A homology model of P-glycoprotein based on the crystal structure of the multidrug transporter Sav1866 is developed, incorporated into a membrane environment, and optimized. The resulting model is analyzed in relation to the functional state and potential binding sites. The comparison of modeled distances to distances reported in experimental studies(More)
Multidrug resistance, MDR, is a major obstacle in the chemotherapeutic treatment of cancer. MDR can be reversed by drugs that vary widely in their chemical structure and main biological action. Many efforts are directed to find out the relationships between the structure and MDR reversal effect of these drugs. In this review we try to summarize the results(More)
Quinazolinones, indolo- and pyrrolopyrimidines with inhibitory effects toward ABCB1 (P-gp) and ABCC1 (MRP1) transporters were studied by pharmacophore modeling, docking, and 3D QSAR to describe the binding preferences of the proteins. The pharmacophore overlays between dual and/or highly selective inhibitors point to binding sites of different topology and(More)
PURPOSE To elucidate the differences in the interaction of chiralic ibuprofen (IBP) and naproxen (NAP) with poly(vinylpyrrolidone) (PVP) in a solid state. METHODS Drugs/PVP physical mixtures and solid dispersions were characterized by scanning electron microscope (SEM), Fourier transform infrared spectrometry (FT-IR), solid state (13)C NMR spectroscopy,(More)