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In this study we describe a simplified, HTS-capable functional assay for the multidrug resistance (MDR) transporter P-glycoprotein (P-gp) based on its substrate Hoechst 33342. The physicochemical properties of Hoechst 33342 and the enormous milieu dependency of its fluorescence intensity allowed performing the assay in a homogeneous manner. This new assay(More)
Quinazolinones, indolo- and pyrrolopyrimidines with inhibitory effects toward ABCB1 (P-gp) and ABCC1 (MRP1) transporters were studied by pharmacophore modeling, docking, and 3D QSAR to describe the binding preferences of the proteins. The pharmacophore overlays between dual and/or highly selective inhibitors point to binding sites of different topology and(More)
A general pharmacophore model of P-glycoprotein (P-gp) drugs is proposed that is based on a highly diverse data set and relates to the verapamil binding site of the protein. It is derived from structurally different drugs using the program GASP. The pharmacophore model consists of two hydrophobic points, three hydrogen bond (HB) acceptor points, and one HB(More)
Multidrug resistance, MDR, is a major obstacle in the chemotherapeutic treatment of cancer. MDR can be reversed by drugs that vary widely in their chemical structure and main biological action. Many efforts are directed to find out the relationships between the structure and MDR reversal effect of these drugs. In this review we try to summarize the results(More)
A set of 40 phenothiazines, thioxanthenes, and structurally related drugs with multidrug resistance modulating activity in tumor cells in vitro were selected from literature data and subjected to three-dimensional quantitative structure-activity relationship study using comparative molecular field analysis (CoMFA). More than 350 CoMFA models were derived(More)
Flavonoids are an interesting group of natural products ubiquitously present in human diet. Their consumption has been associated with various and differing beneficial health effects. However, several flavonoids have been reported to inhibit the breast cancer resistance protein (BCRP) encoded by the ABCG2 gene. Thus, the consumption of flavonoids with high(More)
To elucidate the differences in the interaction of chiralic ibuprofen (IBP) and naproxen (NAP) with poly(vinylpyrrolidone) (PVP) in a solid state. Drugs/PVP physical mixtures and solid dispersions were characterized by scanning electron microscope (SEM), Fourier transform infrared spectrometry (FT-IR), solid state 13C NMR spectroscopy, and x-ray(More)
Twenty-eight compounds, including 24 structurally related derivatives of tariquidar synthesized in our laboratory, and four XR compounds, reported by Xenova group Ltd, were investigated by the Hoechst 33342 and Calcein AM functional assays for estimation of their inhibitory effects on the transport activity of P-glycoprotein (P-gp). A high correlation(More)
Tariquidar (XR9576) analogs, modulators of cancer multidrug resistance (MDR), were subjected to QSAR and 3D-QSAR analyses. The structural features contributing to anti-MDR activity were identified by the Free-Wilson analysis and pharmacophore search using Hoechst 33342 as a template. 3D-QSAR CoMFA and CoMSIA models were derived and tested. The best models(More)
An homology model of human P-glycoprotein, based on the X-ray structure of the recently resolved mouse P-glycoprotein, is presented. The model corresponds to the inward-facing conformation competent for drug binding. From the model, the residues involved in the protein-binding cavity are identified and compared with those in the outward-facing conformation(More)