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Cajal bodies (CBs) are nuclear organelles that contain factors required for splicing, ribosome biogenesis and transcription. Our previous analysis in living cells showed that CBs are dynamic structures. Here, we show that CB mobility is described by anomalous diffusion and that bodies alternate between association with chromatin and diffusion within the(More)
The Open Microscopy Environment (OME) defines a data model and a software implementation to serve as an informatics framework for imaging in biological microscopy experiments, including representation of acquisition parameters, annotations and image analysis results. OME is designed to support high-content cell-based screening as well as traditional image(More)
We have combined in vivo and in vitro approaches to investigate the function of CENP-B, a major protein of human centromeric heterochromatin. Expression of epitope-tagged deletion derivatives of CENP-B in HeLa cells revealed that a single domain less than 158 residues from the amino terminus of the protein is sufficient to localize CENP-B to centromeres.(More)
Here, we describe the cloning and characterization of ScII, the second most abundant protein after topoisomerase II, of the chromosome scaffold fraction to be identified. ScII is structurally related to a protein, Smc1p, previously found to be required for accurate chromosome segregation in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. ScII and the other members of the(More)
Few technologies are more widespread in modern biological laboratories than imaging. Recent advances in optical technologies and instrumentation are providing hitherto unimagined capabilities. Almost all these advances have required the development of software to enable the acquisition, management, analysis and visualization of the imaging data. We review(More)
Cajal bodies (also known as coiled bodies) are subnuclear organelles that contain specific nuclear antigens, including splicing small nuclear ribonucleoproteins (snRNPs) and a subset of nucleolar proteins. Cajal bodies are localized in the nucleoplasm and are often found at the nucleolar periphery. We have constructed a stable HeLa cell line,(More)
We describe a multi-purpose image classifier that can be applied to a wide variety of image classification tasks without modifications or fine-tuning, and yet provide classification accuracy comparable to state-of-the-art task-specific image classifiers. The proposed image classifier first extracts a large set of 1025 image features including polynomial(More)
BACKGROUND Biological imaging is an emerging field, covering a wide range of applications in biological and clinical research. However, while machinery for automated experimenting and data acquisition has been developing rapidly in the past years, automated image analysis often introduces a bottleneck in high content screening. METHODS Wndchrm is an open(More)
Centromeres of mammalian chromosomes are rich in repetitive DNAs that are packaged into specialized nucleoprotein structures called heterochromatin. In humans, the major centromeric repetitive DNA, alpha-satellite DNA, has been extensively sequenced and shown to contain binding sites for CENP-B, an 80-kDa centromeric autoantigen. The present report reveals(More)
New technology for automated biological image acquisition has introduced the need for effective biological image analysis methods. These algorithms are constantly being developed by pattern recognition and machine vision experts, who tailor general computer vision techniques to the specific needs of biological imaging. However, computer scientists do not(More)