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BACKGROUND The clinical features, outcome and cost burden of community-acquired hypernatremia (CAH) in elderly and very elderly patients are not well known. Our aim was to investigate the etiologies, reasons for admission, clinical courses, outcomes, complications, and cost assessments of the elderly patients with CAH. MATERIAL/METHODS We conducted a(More)
Although various studies have improved our knowledge about the clinical features and outcomes of acute kidney injury developing in the hospital (AKI-DI) in elderly subjects, data about acute kidney injury developing outside the hospital (AKI-DO) in elderly patients (age ≥ 65 years) are still extremely limited. This study was performed to investigate(More)
The basal core promoter (BCP) and precore (PC) gene regions of hepatitis B virus (HBV) genome are important for the viral replication and synthesis of "e" antigen. Genetic variability has been described in PCP and PC gene regions, commonly in HBeAg negative patients. The aim of this study was to determine the frequency of the predominant mutation patterns(More)
BACKGROUND Although the risk and related factors of hyperkalemia developed in the hospital are known in elderly, risk and related factors of community-acquired hyperkalemia (CAH) in this population are not well known. This study was performed to investigate the risk of CAH in elderly and evaluate the related factors and clinical outcomes. Study design,(More)
Electrolyte imbalance is a common problem affecting the elderly. Increased number of comorbidities and frequent use of drugs may contribute to increased risk of hypokalemia in the elderly. This study was performed to investigate the prevalence of community-acquired hypokalemia (CAH), risk factors for its development, related factors with hypokalemia, and(More)
BACKGROUND Novel biomarkers are needed to predict the response to treatment in patients with nephrotic syndrome (NS) due to primary glomerulonephritides (PGN). We aimed to test the predictive value of red blood cell distribution width (RDW) for estimation of response to therapy in adult patients with NS. Study design, setting & participants, and(More)
To examine the effects of pentoxifylline (PTX) on regional pulmonary and systemic inflammation after meconium aspiration, we studied 26 anesthetized and ventilated adult rats for 3 hours. Seventeen rats were instilled with human meconium (1.5 mL/kg, 65 mg/mL) intratracheally. After instillation of meconium, PTX (20 mg/kg, i.a.; n = 9) or saline (n = 8) was(More)
BACKGROUND Cancer biomarkers (CBs) can be used in early detection of several cancers as well as in detection of recurrence and following response to treatment. We aimed to investigate the levels of CBs in proteinuric patients with primary glomerular disease (PGD) and diabetes mellitus, and compare them with healthy controls. METHODS One hundred and two(More)
Purpose: The mannose-binding lectin pathway of innate immunity is part of the first line of defense against microorganisms. Variations in mannose-binding lectin levels or activity are caused by single-nucleotide polymorphisms in the promoter region. Mannosebinding lectin may play a role as a phase reactant due to inflammatory processes related to cancer(More)
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