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Blood samples of all patients (269) involved in a traffic accident and admitted to the Emergency Room of the University Hospital of Trauma Surgery in Innsbruck were analysed for alcohol and benzodiazepines. The large majority were drivers (55%) followed by passengers (19.7%), cyclists (12.6%) and pedestrians (12.3%). Alcohol was obviously the most commonly(More)
BACKGROUND Despite the fact that the efficacy of antipsychotic treatment in patients with schizophrenia has been demonstrated in numerous double-blind studies, placebo-controlled studies are still commonly performed. Although much is known about the opinions of professionals concerning this issue, so far nothing is known about the opinions of patients who(More)
Two hundred thirty-eight patients treated with either haloperidol or clozapine were investigated to shed more light on the incidence and severity of antipsychotic-induced liver enzyme increase. Serum glutamic-pyruvic transaminase (SGPT) increase was most frequently seen in both treatment groups. When analyzing the incidence rates for patients with increased(More)
The tendency of most of the second generation antipsychotics to induce weight gain to a larger extent than that of traditional neuroleptics has renewed the interest in weight problems of patients with schizophrenia. Drug-induced weight gain has been identified as a major risk factor for various medical disorders that might be responsible for the increased(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to evaluate the frequency and course of sexual disturbances associated with clozapine and haloperidol and their potential influence on compliance with medication regimens in patients with schizophrenia. METHOD The authors prospectively investigated 153 patients with schizophrenia who received clozapine (N = 100) or(More)
1611 patients were included in this investigation. 16.7% of the patients were involved in traffic accidents, 38.2% were injured by a sudden fall, 3.5% were involved in an act of violence, 22.8% were injured by a sports related accident and 18.9% were hurt within a work-related accident. 19.5% of the patients tested positive for alcohol, 5.2% tested positive(More)
The primary goal of this prospective extended case series was to obtain the first data about the potential influence of nabilone intake on driving ability related neuropsychological functions. Six patients were investigated within a placebo controlled, double-blind crossover study of this synthetic cannabinoid (2 mg/day) in patients with multiple sclerosis(More)
Patients were investigated to gain more insight into the incidence and time course of clozapine induced weight gain (n = 81) and to compare weight gain in patients treated with clozapine (n = 31) with that of patients treated with standard antipsychotics (haloperidol, n = 11). 35.7% of the patients treated with clozapine gained weight according to our(More)
Neuroleptic induced akathisia (NIA) is a common and distressing side effect of antipsychotic treatment. Incidence rates are reported to be between 25% and 75%, depending on criteria used for diagnosis. The results of our four week prospective naturalistic study are based on the assessment of 73 inpatients, which were started on antipsychotic medication in(More)
The report (1) provides an overview of clozapine doses used in trials conducted in Europe and the United States, (2) compares data on efficacy, and (3) compares side effects of clozapine from recent European and U.S. investigations. The reviewed European trials used a mean dose of 283.7 mg/day, while the mean dose in the U.S. studies was 444 mg/day. Even(More)