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The present study investigated emotional facial expression decoding in alcoholics. Twenty-five alcoholic patients at the end of the detoxification process were compared with 25 volunteers matched for age, sex, and education. They were presented with facial expressions of neutral, mild, moderate, or strong emotional intensity. Results indicate that(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Differences exist between European countries in the proportion of patients who die or become dependent after stroke. The aim of the present study was to identify differences in the use of time by stroke patients in 4 rehabilitation centers in 4 European countries. METHODS In each of the 4 centers, 60 randomly selected stroke(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS Trunk performance is an important predictor of functional outcome after stroke. However, the percentage of explained variance varies considerably between studies. This may be explained by the stroke population examined, the different scales used to assess trunk performance and the time points used to measure outcome. The aim of this(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Physiotherapy (PT) and occupational therapy (OT) are key components of stroke rehabilitation. Little is known about their content. This study aimed to define and compare the content of PT and OT for stroke patients between 4 European rehabilitation centers. METHODS In each center, 15 individual PT and 15 OT sessions of patients(More)
OBJECTIVES To examine changes in cardiorespiratory fitness over the first year poststroke and explore the effect of prestroke patients' characteristics and stroke-related factors on this evolution. DESIGN Descriptive, longitudinal study with repeated measures of exercise capacity at 3, 6, and 12 months poststroke. SETTING Rehabilitation center and(More)
PURPOSE This study aimed to quantify physical activity one year post-stroke--by means of a multifaceted approach combining absolute, relative, and self-reported measures of physical activity (PA)--and to investigate their mutual associations. The determinants of PA were explored. METHOD Daily PA was measured in 16 mildly disabled stroke patients (median(More)
AIMS To measure the effect of community nurse follow-up on abstinence and retention rates in the outpatient treatment of alcohol-dependent patients treated with acamprosate. METHODS Recently detoxified alcohol-dependent patients were prescribed acamprosate for 26 weeks and randomized to either physician-only follow-up, or physician plus regular visits(More)
Alcoholics are thought to be characterized by irregular emotional responses, having trouble reaching an optimal level of emotional arousal. They therefore may use alcohol to restore emotional homeostasis. This study investigated whether recently detoxified alcoholics show different emotional responses as compared to controls. Film excerpts were used to(More)
PURPOSE To document the prevalence, severity and time course of anxiety and depression in stroke rehabilitation patients in four European countries. METHOD At two, four and six months post-stroke, the prevalence and severity of anxiety and depression were determined in 532 consecutively recruited patients, using the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale.(More)
BACKGROUND Previous studies have shown an inverse gradient in socioeconomic status for disability after stroke. However, no distinction has been made between the period in the stroke rehabilitation unit (SRU) and the period after discharge. The purpose of this study was to examine the impact of education and equivalent income on motor and functional(More)