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Atherosclerosis is a chronic inflammatory disease of the arterial wall in which presentation of autoantigens by dendritic cells (DCs) leads to the activation of T cells. Anti-inflammatory cells like Tregs counterbalance inflammation in atherogenesis. In our study, human carotid plaque specimens were classified as stable (14) and unstable (15) according to(More)
BACKGROUND During exposure to high altitude, the immune system is altered. During hypoxia, an increase in interleukin (IL)-6 and high sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP), and an increase in natural killer cells and decrease in T cells in blood was shown. However, the impact of hypoxia on dendritic cells has not been investigated yet. MATERIAL AND(More)
INTRODUCTION Hypoxia is known to affect the immune system. It leads to an increase in pro-inflammatory cytokines such as interleukin-6 and influences the number of different inflammatory cells. This study investigates the effect of hypoxia on the number of different subsets of circulating human dendritic cells (DCs) as professional antigen-presenting cells.(More)
The adipocytokine leptin modulates vascular remodeling and neointima formation. Because endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) participate in vascular repair, we analyzed the effects of leptin on human EPC function in vitro and in vivo. After 7 days in culture, EPCs expressed the leptin receptor and responded to leptin stimulation with increased STAT3(More)
Clinical studies have shown that elevated leptin levels are an independent cardiovascular risk factor. However, little is known about the existence of platelet resistance to leptin in the setting of obesity. We examined the effects of leptin on platelet aggregation in morbidly obese subjects (n = 40; BMI, 41.6 +/- 1.1 kg/m2; leptin, 49.7 +/- 3.4 ng/ml) in(More)
Alzheimer disease features amyloid-β (Aβ) peptide deposition in brain and blood vessels and is associated with hypertension. Aβ peptide can cause vasoconstriction and endothelial dysfunction. We observed that Aβ peptides exert a chronotropic effect in neonatal cardiomyocytes, similar to α1-adrenergic receptor autoantibodies that we described earlier.(More)
DC (dendritic cells) play an important role in the immune system. They invade peripheral tissues to detect harmful antigens, inducing a local immune response. Studies suggest that DCPs (dendritic cell precursors) might be reduced in AMI (acute myocardial infarction); however, the reason for their reduction is unknown yet. In the present study, circulating(More)
AIMS Dendritic cells (DCs) are sentinels of the immune system-their role in myocardial disease is unknown as yet. We investigated their myocardial presence in human dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM). METHODS AND RESULTS Endomyocardial biopsies from 72 patients with DCM (EF ∼30%), as well as myocardial specimens from 18 suicide or accident victims were(More)
Leptin enhances agonist-induced platelet aggregation, and human platelets have been reported to express the leptin receptor. However, the pathways and mediators lying downstream of leptin binding to platelets remain, with few exceptions, unknown. In the present study, we sought to gain further insight into the possible role of leptin as a platelet agonist.(More)
AIMS Immunity and inflammation processes are known to be of central importance in chronic heart failure (CHF). Dendritic cells (DCs) are key players in adaptive immunity, yet their role in CHF is still unknown. The aim of this study was to investigate the circulating DCs in patients with compensated CHF. METHODS Circulating myeloid (m) and plasmacytoid(More)