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PURPOSE To optimize intraoperative neuromonitoring during extreme lateral interbody fusion (XLIF) by adding transcranial electrical stimulation with motor evoked potential (TESMEP) to previously described monitoring using spontaneous EMG (sEMG) and peripheral stimulation (triggered EMG: tEMG). METHODS Twenty-three patients with degenerative lumbar(More)
The beneficial and protective effects of S-methylmethionine (SMM) were investigated in Maize dwarf mosaic virus (MDMV) infected maize (Zea mays L.). Response reactions and alterations in the physiological state of the plants were monitored by following changes in the values of chlorophyll a fluorescence and chlorophyll content, and differences in the(More)
The application of corrugations as turbulence promoters in membrane filtration was studied. In ultrafiltration experiments with polysulfone membranes using Dextran T70 as solute, it was found that the corrugations result in reduced energy consumption or pressure drop compared with flat membranes at a given value of the flux through the membrane. There(More)
STUDY DESIGN A prospective, nonrandomized cohort study. OBJECTIVE To describe a technique quantifying movement induced by transcranial electrical stimulation (TES) induced movement in relation to the positioning of electrodes during spinal deformity surgery. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA TES induced movement may cause injuries and delay surgical(More)
We examined the interactions of an exogenously added non-proteinogenic amino acid, S-methylmethionine (SMM) and UV-B radiation in young maize plants. We observed that exposure to UV-B light caused a substantial increase in both the phenolics and anthocyanin contents. Pretreatment with SMM also induced a slight, but statistically significant increase in the(More)
This study aimed to detect the harmful effects of Maize dwarf mosaic virus (MDMV) infection, and to demonstrate the potential benefits of S-methylmethionine-salicylate (MMS) pretreatment in infected maize (Zea mays L.) plants. The results of chlorophyll a fluorescence measurements showed that in MDMV-infected plants additional quenchers of fluorescence(More)
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