Ilona Petrikovics

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This investigation effort is focused on increasing organophosphate (OP) degradation by phosphotriesterase to antagonize OP intoxication. For these studies, sterically stabilized liposomes encapsulating recombinant phosphotriesterase were employed. This enzyme was obtained from Flavobacterium sp. and was expressed in Escherichia coli. It has a broad(More)
This study describes a new approach for organophosphorous (OP) antidotal treatment by encapsulating an OP hydrolyzing enzyme, OPA anhydrolase (OPAA), within sterically stabilized liposomes. The recombinant OPAA enzyme was derived from Alteromonas strain JD6. It has broad substrate specificity to a wide range of OP compounds: DFP and the nerve agents, soman(More)
The cyanide metabolite 2-aminothiazoline-4-carboxylic acid (ATCA) is a promising biomarker for cyanide exposure because of its stability and the limitations of direct determination of cyanide and more abundant cyanide metabolites. A simple, sensitive, and specific method based on derivatization and subsequent gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS)(More)
These studies are focused on antagonizing organophosphorous (OP) intoxications by a new conceptual approach using recombinant enzymes encapsulated within sterically stabilized liposomes to enhance diisopropylfluorophosphate (DFP) degradation. The OP hydrolyzing enzyme, organophosphorous acid anhydrolase (OPAA), encapsulated within the liposomes, was(More)
The major mechanism of removing cyanide from the body is its enzymatic conversion by a sulfurtransferase, e.g. rhodanese, to the less toxic thiocyanate in the presence of a sulfur donor. Earlier results demonstrated that externally administered encapsulated rhodanese significantly enhances the in vivo efficacy of the given sulfur donor. Present studies are(More)
AIM To demonstrate the potential of using 2-aminothiazoline-4-carboxylic acid (ATCA) as a novel biomarker/forensic biomarker for cyanide poisoning. METHODS A sensitive method was developed and employed for the identification and quantification of ATCA in biological samples, where the sample extraction and clean up were achieved by solid phase extraction(More)
Murine carrier erythrocytes containing bovine rhodanese and sodium thiosulfate are being explored as a new approach to antagonize the lethal effects of potassium cyanide in mice. Prior studies indicated that these carrier erythrocytes persist in the vascular system for the same length of time as normal erythrocytes and can enhance metabolism of cyanide to(More)
A dendritic poly(2-alkyloxazoline)-based polymer was studied as a new carrier system for the organophosphorus-hydrolyzing recombinant enzymes, organophosphorus acid anhydrolase and organophosphorus hydrolase. Paraoxon (PO) and diisopropylfluorophosphate (DFP) were used as model organophosphorus compounds. Changes in plasma cholinesterase activity were(More)
The present studies were focused on the preparation and characterization of stericaly stabilized liposomes (SLs) encapsulating a recombinant organophosphorus hydrolyzing phosphotriesterase (OPH) enzyme for the antagonism of organophosphorus intoxication. Earlier results indicate that the liposomal carrier system provides an enhanced protective effect(More)
Cyanide causes toxic effects by inhibiting cytochrome c oxidase, resulting in cellular hypoxia and cytotoxic anoxia, and can eventually lead to death. Cyanide exposure can be verified by direct analysis of cyanide concentrations or analyzing its metabolites, including thiocyanate (SCN(-)) and 2-amino-2-thiazoline-4-carboxylic acid (ATCA) in blood. To(More)