Ilona M. Schmalfuss

Learn More
PURPOSE Dysphagia after chemoradiotherapy is common. The present randomized clinical trial studied the effectiveness of preventative behavioral intervention for dysphagia compared with the "usual care." METHODS AND MATERIALS A total of 58 head-and-neck cancer patients treated with chemoradiotherapy were randomly assigned to usual care, sham swallowing(More)
PURPOSE To describe the computed tomographic (CT) measurements and features that enable accurate diagnosis of congenital nasal piriform aperture stenosis (CNPAS). MATERIALS AND METHODS The clinical and imaging features of six patients (age range, 0-11 months) with CNPAS were retrospectively evaluated and compared with those of 61 control subjects younger(More)
PURPOSE To determine the utility of pretreatment computed tomography (CT) for predicting primary site control in patients with supraglottic squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) treated with definitive radiotherapy (RT). MATERIALS AND METHODS Pretreatment CT studies in 63 patients were reviewed. Minimum length of follow-up was 2 years. Local recurrence and(More)
The neuropathologic abnormalities associated with Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS) are largely unknown. PWS is due to the loss of several paternally expressed genes in chromosome 15q11-q13 region. Several of the imprinted genes in the 15q11-q13 region are normally expressed in the brain and thought to be necessary for neuronal growth and development. Thus, we(More)
BACKGROUND Although animal studies have demonstrated frontal white matter and behavioral changes resulting from prenatal cocaine exposure, no human studies have associated neuropsychological deficits in attention and inhibition with brain structure. We used diffusion tensor imaging to investigate frontal white matter integrity and executive functioning in(More)
Patients with severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) often demonstrate impairments in performance monitoring--an evaluative control process that can be measured using the error-negativity/error-related negativity (Ne/ERN) and post-error positivity (Pe). The Ne/ERN and Pe are event-related potential (ERP) components generated following errors, with current(More)
Survivors of severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) are at increased risk for emotional sequelae. The current study utilized the error-related negativity (ERN) and posterror positivity (Pe) components of the event-related potential (ERP) to test the hypothesis that negative affect disproportionately impairs performance-monitoring following severe TBI.(More)
Groupwise registration of a set of shapes represented by unlabeled point sets is a challenging problem since, usually, this involves solving for point correspondence in a nonrigid motion setting. In this paper, we propose a novel and robust algorithm that is capable of simultaneously computing the mean shape, represented by a probability density function,(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE MR imaging characteristics of optic neuropathy caused by cat scratch disease have not yet been described; this lack of information may result in incorrect diagnosis and may contribute to initiation of inappropriate therapy. Our study was based on the hypothesis that cat scratch disease-related optic neuropathy has distinct MR imaging(More)
We describe 9 nonimmunosuppressed patients with central nervous system cryptococcosis. Morbidity and mortality were high, especially among patients with cerebral infarcts. This was attributed to delayed diagnosis and apparent sequelae of overwhelming host immune responses. We present clues suggesting the diagnosis. Increased recognition and timely diagnosis(More)