Learn More
Two relevant dimensions are revealed within which developmental patterns of perceptual organization might be investigated. Within the local-integrative dimension, employing a contour integration task, we found indications that spatial integration develops slowly. We also found reduced contextual modulation of a local target in children employing the(More)
We describe a region-based shape representation that might be particularly useful from a biological perspective because it promotes the localization of objects, and object parts relative to each other. The proposed medial-point representation is similar to medial-axis type representations, but it is more compact. The medial points are those points along the(More)
Previous studies have suggested that the integration of orientation information across space is impaired in amblyopia. We developed a method for quantifying orientation-domain processing using a test format that is suitable for clinical application. The test comprises a graded series of cards where each card includes a closed path (contour) of high contrast(More)
Behavioral and electrophysiological studies of schizophrenia have consistently demonstrated impairments in the integration of visual features into unified perceptual representations. Specific brain regions involved in this dysfunction, however, remain to be clarified. This study used functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging (fMRI) to examine the relative(More)
We examined whether an agnosic patient with a deficit in early visual processing, HJA, completed occluded contours. We used matching tasks with stimuli composed of three superimposed or occluded shapes. Experiments 2 and 6 required superimposed or occluded shapes to be discriminated from distractors in which the position of one shape was changed. HJA was(More)
INTRODUCTION Chronic schizophrenia patients have previously demonstrated performance deficits in contour integration tasks. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether schizophrenia patients, spanning a range of illness severity, would demonstrate responsiveness to manipulations that recruit top-down processing strategies involving learning and(More)
Previous immunocytochemical investigations performed in our laboratory on the human hippocampus surgically resected for the treatment of mesial temporal lobe epilepsy (MTLE) have demonstrated an increased expression of the AMPA-receptor subunit GluR1 on neurons in the hilus and area CA3. Light microscopically, many of these neurons exhibited peculiar(More)
A hyperpolarization-activated current recorded from the pyramidal cells of the dorsal cochlear nucleus was investigated in the present study by using 150- to 200-μm-thick brain slices prepared from 6- to 14-day-old Wistar rats. The pyramidal neurones exhibited a slowly activating inward current on hyperpolarization. The reversal potential of this component(More)
Amplification of the kcnk9 gene and overexpression of the encoded channel protein (TASK-3) seems to be involved in carcinogenesis. In the present work, TASK-3 expression of melanoma cells has been studied. For the investigation of TASK-3-specific immunolabelling, a monoclonal antibody has been developed and applied along with two, commercially available(More)
PURPOSE Sprinting, bouncing, and spontaneous landings are associated with a forefoot contact whereas walking, running, and jumping are associated with heel-toe foot placement. Because such foot placement strategies influence landing mechanics or the ensuing performance, the purpose of this work was to compare lower extremity kinematics and kinetics and(More)