Ilo E. Leppik

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OBJECTIVE To determine incidence of and risk factors for sudden unexpected death in epilepsy (SUDEP). METHODS Three epilepsy centers enrolled 4,578 patients and prospectively followed these patients for 16,463 patient-years. The cohort was screened for death annually. Deaths were investigated to determine whether SUDEP occurred. Potential risk factors(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the efficacy and safety of 500 mg bid and 1500 mg bid levetiracetam as adjunctive therapy for refractory partial seizures in a double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled, parallel-group, multicenter trial. METHODS The authors studied patients with uncontrolled partial seizures (minimum 12 per 12 weeks), regardless of whether they(More)
Although no randomized studies have demonstrated a positive impact of therapeutic drug monitoring (TDM) on clinical outcome in epilepsy, evidence from nonrandomized studies and everyday clinical experience does indicate that measuring serum concentrations of old and new generation antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) can have a valuable role in guiding patient(More)
BACKGROUND Zonisamide is a sulfonamide antiepilepsy drug with sodium and calcium channel-blocking actions. Experience in Japan and a previous European double-blind study have demonstrated its efficacy against partial-onset seizures. METHODS A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial enrolling 203 patients was conducted at 20 United States sites(More)
Lorazepam was compared with diazepam for the treatment of status epilepticus in a double-blind, randomized trial. Seventy-eight patients with 81 episodes were enrolled. Patients received one or two doses of either 4 mg of lorazepam or 10 mg of diazepam intravenously. Seizures were controlled in 89% of the episodes treated with lorazepam and in 76% treated(More)
PURPOSE Three randomized, placebo-controlled trials have demonstrated the safety and efficacy of levetiracetam, a new antiepileptic medication, as add-on therapy for partial-onset seizures. The purpose of this study was to gather additional safety and efficacy data on levetiracetam in the real-world setting of community-based practice. METHODS This was a(More)
Levetiracetam (Keppra) was evaluated in a subset of patients aged >/=65 years (n=78) enrolled in a large (n=1030) open-label, phase IV trial (the KEEPER trial). A 4-week dose adjustment was followed by a 12-week evaluation period. An overall median reduction in partial seizures of 80.1% (n=65) was observed. Overall, 76.9% of patients were >/=50% responders,(More)
PURPOSE Examine antiepileptic drug (AED) use in nursing homes by age, gender, and use of comedication that can interact with AEDs. METHODS Two point-prevalence evaluations of AED use from computerized medical records of nursing home residents throughout the United States (set 1, 43,757; set 2, 41,386) 65 years and older serviced by PHARMERICA. RESULTS(More)
AIM The aim of this study was to evaluate the association of genetic variants in the major genes involved in carbamazepine (CBZ) metabolism and transport with its pharmacokinetics in epilepsy patients. MATERIALS & METHODS Twenty-five SNPs within seven CBZ pathway genes, namely CYP3A4, CYP3A5, EPHX1, NR1I2, UGT2B7, ABCB1 and ABCC2, were analyzed for(More)
Intravenous (IV) levetiracetam (LEV) is available for humans for bridge therapy when the oral route is unavailable. We investigated the safety and pharmacokinetics of LEV administered intramuscularly (IM), IV, and orally to dogs. Six Hound dogs received 19.5-22.6 mg/kg of LEV IM, IV and orally with a wash-out period in between. All dogs received 500 mg LEV(More)