Ilmo Louhimo

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During 1947-1978, 500 patients with esophageal atresia and/or tracheoesophageal fistula were treated at the Children's Hospital, University of Helsinki. The proportion of different types of anomaly followed the usual distribution, the commonest being the type with distal fistula (88.2%). For analysis, the patients were divided into five phases, each(More)
Between 1948 and 1980, 107 of 164 patients survived after repair of a congenital diaphragmatic defect. Sixty of the survivors (mean age, 29.6 years; SD, 9.0 years) underwent clinical examination, chest radiography, spirometry, and diffusing capacity measurement 11 to 41 years after the diaphragmatic repair. Twenty-seven of the 60 had body plethysmography,(More)
Knowledge of normal heart dimensions is often needed in the planning of cardiac surgery in children. Attempts to define 'normal' have so far given varied and somewhat controversial results. The purpose of this study was to determine normal values for all heart measurements of clinical importance in children. Special interest was focused on the relationship(More)
Between 1948 and 1980, 107 of 164 patients survived after repair of congenital diaphragmatic defects. To study chest wall and spinal deformities among these patients, 60 survivors (mean age, 29.6 +/- 9.0 years) underwent clinical examination, chest and spinal radiography, spirometry, and diffusing capacity measurements. Twenty-seven of these patients also(More)
During a 20-year period (1964–1983) 208 patients with anorectal malformations (143 males, 65 females) were treated; 98 had low and 110 had high or intermediate malformations. Associated anomalies were detected in 67.8%. The overall mortality in the series was 14.4%; most deaths were related to associated anomalies and/or prematurity. Four different(More)
OBJECTIVES Few data exist for long-term results after the Senning operation for transposition of the great arteries. Sinus node dysfunction and systemic ventricular dysfunction have been the main problems. We evaluated risk factors for late death and the incidence of late death, sinus node dysfunction, and right ventricular dysfunction in 100 patients. (More)
Recent reports indicate a significant incidence of gastroesophageal reflux (GER) and other nonpulmonary problems after the repair of congenital diaphragmatic defects. Reports of follow-up through adulthood are few and based on a small number of patients. From 1948 to 1982, 107 of 164 patients (65%) treated at the authors' institution survived after repair(More)
The hazard of overwhelming postsplenectomy infection has been suggested to be greatest in children operated upon before 1 yr of age. In this work immune functions of 3 children, splenectomized within 2 days after birth were studied. The opsonic activity of the sera of all patients towards pneumococcus was decreased. The other immunologic findings were(More)
Histological investigation of the rectal blind pouch and rectourogenital or rectoperineal connection was performed in 10 patients with high or intermediate anorectal malformations. Nine of the patients underwent postoperative manometric evaluation. In nine of the 10 patients, transitional epithelium typical of the normal anal canal could be found in the(More)