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Pituitary height, volume and morphology were investigated by MRI in patients aged 3.5-24.9 years with growth hormone deficiency (GHD) in relation to birth history and hormonal findings. Three groups with comparable age, sex and pubertal stage were studied: group I (n=42)--patients with isolated growth hormone deficiency (IGHD); group II (n=22)-- patients(More)
Retesting of patients with growth hormone (GH) deficiency (GHD), especially those with idiopathic GHD, has yielded normalization of the results in several studies. The aim of this study was to reevaluate patients diagnosed as GHD at completion or reconfirm the diagnosis before completion of GH treatment by retesting with provocative tests, and to evaluate(More)
OBJECTIVE Along with growth hormone (GH) levels, measurements of serum insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) and IGF-binding protein-3 (IGFBP-3) are used in the diagnosis of GH deficiency and in monitoring the efficacy and safety of long-term GH treatment. The purpose of the present study was to establish reference values for serum IGF-1 and IGFBP-3 in(More)
Valtropin is a recombinant human GH (rhGH) manufactured using a novel yeast expression system, classed as a 'biosimilar'. Valtropin was compared with Humatrope in children with GH deficiency (GHD). Treatment-naive, prepubertal children with GHD were randomized to Valtropin (n = 98) or Humatrope (n = 49) for 1 year. Standing height was measured 3-monthly and(More)
True hermaphroditism, a very rare cause of intersex, is usually diagnosed during the newborn period in the course of evaluating ambiguous genitalia. As an exception we report an unusual case of a 14.5 year-old boy with phenotypically near-normal male genitalia and bilaterally descended gonads, who was seen for evaluation of gynecomastia and hematuria. His(More)
OBJECTIVE Epidemiologic and clinical features of type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) may show substantial differences among countries. The primary goal in the management of T1DM is to prevent micro- and macrovascular complications by achieving good glycemic control. The present study aimed to assess metabolic control, presence of concomitant autoimmune(More)
Insulin injection is a problem in pediatric and adolescent age, and premixed insulin therapy given in pen-injectors (Novopen II) is expected to increase compliance. Compliance with treatment and safety of this kind of insulin substitution was investigated in 20 IDDM patients (8.2-19.6 years old). The study was of randomized cross-over design and its(More)
Patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus are expected to respond poorly to hepatitis B (HB) vaccination. In this study we tested this hypothesis for the standard vaccination schedule. Ninety-nine patients (age 10.8 +/- 3.5 years) were vaccinated against HB (10 pg/dose at 0, 1, and 6 months) using a vaccine containing no pre-S2 antigen (Engerix Bs). The(More)
There is a tendency to adiposity in patients with congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) despite physiological corticosteroid doses. This study investigated body fatness in children with CAH under corticosteroid replacement therapy. Seventeen children with CAH (female:male, 9:8; age range 1.6–10.5 years) and 18 controls (female:male, 9:9; age range 1.4–10.2(More)
CONTEXT Pituitary stalk interruption syndrome (PSIS) is a rare, congenital anomaly of the pituitary gland characterized by pituitary gland insufficiency, thin or discontinuous pituitary stalk, anterior pituitary hypoplasia, and ectopic positioning of the posterior pituitary gland (neurohypophysis). The clinical presentation of patients with PSIS varies from(More)