Ilkka Tikkanen

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Endothelial dysfunction is associated with hypertension, hypercholesterolemia, and heart failure. We tested the hypothesis that spontaneously diabetic Goto-Kakizaki (GK) rats, a model for type 2 diabetes, exhibit endothelial dysfunction. Rats also received a high-sodium diet (6% NaCl [wt/wt]) and chronic angiotensin type 1 (AT(1)) receptor blockade (10(More)
Mechanisms controlling fluid volume were studied in alcohol preferring AA (Alko, Alcohol) and alcohol avoiding ANA (Alko, Non-Alcohol) rats. Hypertonic sodium chloride solution (5%) given orally caused a higher dipsogenic response in AA rats than in the ANA's. One hour after ethanol loading (4.8 g/kg, by stomach tube), plasma renin activity of AA rats was(More)
The effect of acute moderate ethanol intoxication on renin-aldosterone axis was studied in four healthy humans in normal sodium and water balance. The subjects drank ethanol 1.2 g/kg body weight during 90 minutes. A dissociation between plasma renin activity (PRA) and plasma aldosterone took place; PRA increased (p less than 0.001) and aldosterone showed a(More)
AIMS To determine the effects of empagliflozin on blood pressure (BP) and markers of arterial stiffness and vascular resistance in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). METHODS We conducted a post hoc analysis of data from a phase III trial in patients with T2DM and hypertension receiving 12 weeks' empagliflozin and four phase III trials in(More)
BACKGROUND Rare mutations of the epithelial sodium channel (ENaC) result in the monogenic hypertension form of Liddle's syndrome. We decided to screen for common variants in the ENaC beta and gamma subunits in patients with essential hypertension and to relate their occurrence to the activity of circulating renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system. METHODS(More)
BACKGROUND Diabetes is associated with changes in myocardial stress-response pathways and is recognized as an independent risk factor for cardiac remodeling. Using spontaneously diabetic Goto Kakizaki rats as a model of type 2 DM we investigated whether post-translational modifications in the Akt - FOXO3a pathway, Sirt1 - p53 pathway and the mitogen(More)
Plasma concentrations of immunoreactive atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) were low or undetectable in 8 healthy subjects and 9 control patients without cardiac disease, and raised in 17 patients with congestive heart failure (CHF). Highest concentrations were measured in patients with severe CHF. High plasma ANP levels were also found in 2 patients with(More)
After severe myocardial infarction (MI), heart failure results from ischemia, fibrosis, and remodeling. A promising therapy to enhance cardiac function and induce therapeutic angiogenesis via a paracrine mechanism in MI is myoblast sheet transplantation. We hypothesized that in a rat model of MI-induced chronic heart failure, this therapy could be further(More)
The biogenesis of erythropoietin is incompletely understood. One hypothesis maintains that erythropoietin is synthesized primarily in the kidney while according to another theory an erythropoietin precursor present in plasma is activated by a renal factor, erythrogenin. An attractive candidate for the erythropoietin precursor is renin substrate(More)