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We present a regularized Gauss-Newton method for solving the inverse problem of parameter reconstruction from boundary data in frequency-domain diffuse optical tomography. To avoid the explicit formation and inversion of the Hessian which is often prohibitively expensive in terms of memory resources and runtime for large-scale problems, we propose to solve(More)
By combining diffuse optical imaging (DOI) and magnetoencephalography (MEG) we investigate neurovascular coupling non-invasively in human subjects using median-nerve stimulation. Previous fMRI studies have shown a habituation effect in the hemodynamic blood oxygen level-dependent (BOLD) response for stimulation periods longer than 2 s. With DOI and MEG we(More)
We used near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) to study responses to speech and music on the auditory cortices of 13 healthy full-term newborn infants during natural sleep. The purpose of the study was to investigate the lateralization of speech and music responses at this stage of development. NIRS data was recorded from eight positions on both hemispheres(More)
Diffuse optical imaging is an emerging medical imaging modality based on near-infrared and visible red light. The method can be used for imaging activations in the human brain. In this study, a deformable probabilistic atlas of the distribution of tissue types within the term neonatal head was created based on MR images. The use of anatomical prior(More)
Hemodynamic responses evoked by transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) can be measured with near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS). This study demonstrates that cerebral neuronal activity is not their sole contributor. We compared bilateral NIRS responses following brain stimulation to those from the shoulders evoked by shoulder stimulation and contrasted them(More)
We studied the relationship between somatosensory evoked potentials (SEP) recorded with scalp electroencephalography (EEG) and hemoglobin responses recorded non-invasively with diffuse optical imaging (DOI) during parametrically varied electrical forepaw stimulation in rats. Using these macroscopic techniques we verified that the hemodynamic response is not(More)
We studied hemodynamic auditory evoked responses of 20 healthy full-term neonates with near-infrared spectroscopy. The instrument used allows the measurements to be performed simultaneously above both auditory cortices. The stimulation consisted of 5-s trains of sound (700-ms interstimulus interval) with a 25-s silent interval. In response to the(More)
The quality of phase and amplitude data from two medical optical tomography systems were compared. The two systems are a 32-channel time-domain system developed at University College London (UCL) and a 16-channel frequency-domain system developed at Helsinki University of Technology (HUT). Difference data measured from an inhomogeneous and a homogeneous(More)
The interaction of brain hemodynamics and neuronal activity has been intensively studied in recent years to yield better understanding of brain function. We investigated the relationship between visual-evoked hemodynamic responses (HDRs), measured with near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS), and neuronal activity in humans, approximated with the stimulus train(More)
Difference imaging aims at recovery of the change in the optical properties of a body based on measurements before and after the change. Conventionally, the image reconstruction is based on using difference of the measurements and a linear approximation of the observation model. One of the main benefits of the linearized difference reconstruction is that(More)